Research fellows ved forskningsgruppen Digital journalistikk

Her er en oversikt over nåværende research fellows ved forskningsgruppen Digital journalistikk.

Mer om forskningsgruppen Digital journalistikk.

Se kommende og tidligere seminarer ved Digital journalistikk.

Fellows høsten 2020

  • Damian Radcliffe, august 2020

    Carolyn S. Chambers Professor in Journalism, Professor of Practice, University of Oregon


    Damian Radcliffe is the Carolyn S. Chambers Professor in Journalism, and an affiliate of the department for Middle East and North African Studies, at the University of Oregon. He is also a Fellow of the Tow Center for Digital Journalism at Columbia University, an Honorary Research Fellow at Cardiff School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies (JOMEC) at Cardiff University (the UK’s oldest journalism school) and a Fellow of The Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (RSA).

    He is a globally recognized expert on digital trends, social media, technology, the business of media, the evolution of present-day journalistic practice and the role played by media and technology in the Middle East.

    Damian’s journalistic, research and teaching interests build on his previous and on-going professional practice; which include editorial, policy and strategic roles all media sectors: Industry (commercial, public, non-profit/civil society), Government, Regulatory and Academic – and all media platforms (digital / online, TV, radio and print).

    His experience includes four years working in UK commercial radio, eight years working for – and with – the BBC, four years at the UK Communications Regulator, Ofcom; and three years at Qatar’s Ministry of Information and Communications Technology (ictQATAR).

    He joined the University of Oregon as a Carolyn S. Chambers Professor in Journalism (Chambers Chair) and a Professor of Practice, at the University of Oregon in September 2015.

    Damian teaches classes in advanced reporting, audio storytelling and podcasting, the business of journalism and how to use social media as a journalist.

    He continues to be an active journalist, writing monthly columns for ZDNet (CBS Interactive) and What's New in Publishing, and frequently contributing to other outlets such as and IJNet (International Journalists Network). His industry focus informs his teaching and research, enabling him to talk about the latest trends and how this is redefining journalism jobs, content innovation and consumption habits.

    Tittel og abstract

    The 20 megatrends which will shape Digital Journalism in the 2020s.

    My talk will explore issues of considerable interest to the academy and industry around the world. This includes: the power and evolution of platforms, subscription and revenue models, the role of AI, analytics and emerging digital tools, content and format innovation, changing consumption habits, trust and engagement, as well as the impact on journalism practice – and business models – of rapid changes in technology, markets and media usage. 

    My approach will be purposefully broad, thematic and global in scope, and it will deliberately touch on a wide range of topics and issues, in a bid to stimulate questions and discussion from the widest possible audience. This technique is one that I have used in the past for presentations to industry and academic audiences alike. It is designed to see which issues pique the curiosity of the audience, so that these can be explored through Q&A and further conversation.

    By looking at the digital landscape through a wide lens, I intend to introduce attendees to a wide range of case studies, with the goal that everyone – whatever their level of expertise and areas of specialization – will learn something new, and applicable, to their interests. In doing this, I will explore the implications of these developments for journalistic practice, research and education, recognizing that there are often synergies between these domains.

    I am well placed to tell this story, having worked in digital journalism before this label was even being used! My experience – derived from working across all platforms and all sectors, on three continents - includes roles at BBC Digital Radio, Digital TV and Online between 1999-2003, as well as roles at two media and telecoms regulators, and a proven research and journalistic track record focused on what digital means to journalism as a profession and practice. Moreover, most of my journalism – including written and audio work – has always been primarily for digital outlets.

    Topics that I have recently written about include: media revenue models, eCommerce , robo-journalism, social media influencers in the Middle East, the podcasting market, rebuilding trust in journalism, 5G in the Middle East, blockchain, digital newsstands, the evolution of voice, millennials media habits, social media in China + strategies for local newsrooms. In short, I am a digital journalist who writes and researches digital trends. You don’t get more meta than that.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    What’s New In Publishing: The Publisher’s Guide to eCommerce.

    What’s New in Publishing: 50 Ways to Make Media Pay.

    Agora Journalism Center, University of Oregon: Local Journalism in the Pacific Northwest: Why It Matters, How It’s Evolving, and Who Pays for It.

    University of Oregon: State of Social Media, Middle East: 2018, by Damian Radcliffe and Payton Bruni. 

    Tow Center for Digital Journalism: Local News in a Digital World: Small-Market Newspapers in the Digital Age, by Damian Radcliffe; Christopher Ali.

Fellows våren 2020

  • Jane Singer, mars 2020

    Professor, City University of London


     Jane B. Singer is research lead and Professor of Journalism Innovation at City, University of London. She previously held academic staff posts at the University of Iowa and Colorado State University in the US, and served for three years as Johnston Press Chair in Digital Journalism at the University of Central Lancashire in the UK. A former print and online journalist, her research has traced the evolution of digital journalism since the mid-1990s, with a focus on journalists’ changing roles, perceptions, norms and practices.

    Tittel og abstract

    The Social Construction of Journalism Studies. 

    Twenty years ago, within months of each other in early 2000, two new journals – Journalism Studies and Journalism – published their first issue. The field of journalism studies, integrated with but distinct from those of mass communication and media sociology, had been born.     

    Like all disciplines, of course, it was born into a specific cultural time and intellectual space. Journalism studies offers a particular social construction of what constitutes journalism – its institutions and social structures, the forces that legitimate (and de-legitimate) it, and the activities through which its products, practitioners and processes are constructed. In her presentation, Dr. Singer proposes to explore the overlapping sociological, normative and technological forces that have shaped the social construction of journalism studies as a distinct academic discipline. These forces collectively define the questions that scholars raise, the methods they bring to bear, and the answers they collectively validate. 

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

  • Candis Callison, april 2020

    Førsteamanuensis ved Graduate School of Journalism og Institute for Critical Indigenous Studies, University of British Columbia. 


    Candis Callison is an Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Journalism and the Institute for Critical Indigenous Studies at the University of British Columbia. Her research and teaching are focused on changes to media practices and platforms, journalism ethics, the role of social movements in public discourse, and understanding how issues related to science and technology become meaningful for diverse publics. Candis is the co-author of Reckoning: Journalism’s Limits and Possibilities (Oxford University Press, 2020), which draws on five years of research
    with journalists in the U.S. and Canada at a variety of news organizations including startups, legacy media, and freelancers. Candis’ first book, How Climate Change Comes to Matter: The Communal Life of Facts (Duke University Press, 2014) used ethnographic methods and a comparative lens to bring together the work of science journalists, scientists, and three distinct social groups that are outside environmental movement and policy frameworks in an American context. Candis was on leave from UBC during the last academic year (2018-19) and at Princeton University where she was the Pathy Distinguished Visitor in Canadian Studies. In 2019, Candis was inducted into The American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and she is a Pierre Elliot Trudeau Foundation Fellow (2019-21). Candis is Tahltan, an Indigenous people located in Northwestern British Columbia. She is a regular contributor on the podcast, Media Indigena. An alumni of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Candis holds a Ph.D. in History, Anthropology, and Science, Technology, and Society, and a Master of Science in Comparative Media Studies.

    Tittel og abstract

    Multiple journalisms and field transformation

    Multiple journalisms, publics, journalists, scholars, and policy makers are contributing to repair, reform and transformation of contemporary journalism. This research presentation explores how journalism is experimenting with and responding to critique and crises across complex interrelated often global systems - from startups and new global media to Indigenous journalists, representations of climate change and ways that journalists have understood themselves as truth tellers. How journalists are thinking about their own expertise, situated knowledges, and methods are rapidly evolving as they are also confronted with novel business models, precarious labor  conditions and new competitive arenas where diverse publics and journalists use multiple platforms to talk back, re-interpret, and report on events and issues. As part of this focus, we would also like to expand the framework of how we have been thinking about alternative media. For example, Aboriginal Peoples Television Network in Canada, a national award wining journalism organization, is still considered alternative media.

    Our specific contribution to the research programme, Multiple Journalisms and Field Transformation, emerges from our book, Reckoning: Journalism’s Limits and Possibilities, which is summarized below:

    How do journalists know what they know? Who gets to decide what good journalism is and when it's done right? What sort of expertise do journalists have, and what role should and do they play in society? Until a couple of decades ago, journalists rarely asked these questions, largely because the answers were generally undisputed. Now, the stakes are rising for journalists as they face real-time critique and audience pushback for their ethics, news reporting, and relevance. Yet the crises facing journalism have been narrowly defined as the result of disruption
    by new technologies and economic decline. This book argues that the concerns are in fact much more profound. Drawing on their five years of research with journalists in the U.S. and Canada, in a variety of news organizations from startups and freelancers to mainstream media, the authors find a digital reckoning taking place regarding journalism's founding ideals and methods. The book explores journalism's long-standing representational harms, arguing that despite thoughtful explorations of the role of publics in journalism, the profession hasn't adequately addressed matters of gender, race, intersectionality, and settler colonialism. In doing so, the authors rethink the basis for what journalism says it could and should do, suggesting that a turn to strong objectivity and systems journalism provides a path forward. They offer insights from journalists' own experiences and efforts at repair, reform, and transformation to consider how journalism can address its limits and possibilities along with widening media publics.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

  • Marcel Broersma, april 2020

    Mer informasjon kommer. 

  • Mary Lynn Young, april 2020

    Førsteamanuensis ved The University of British Columbia. 


    Mary Lynn Young, PhD, is an associate professor at the University of British Columbia School of Journalism, and co founder and board member of The Conversation Canada, a national not for profit journalism organization, an affiliate of The Conversation global network. She has held a number of academic administrative positions at UBC, including Associate Dean, Faculty of Arts (2011-2016), Director of the UBC School of Journalism (2008-2011), and Acting Director (June-December 2007). She has two recent co-authored books: Reckoning: Journalism’s Limits and Possibilities (Oxford U. Press, November 2019) with Candis Callison and Data Journalism and the Regeneration of News (Routledge, 2019) with Alfred Hermida. Her research interests include gender and the media, journalism startups and the business of news, data and computational journalism and journalism coverage of crime. An overarching goal of her work is to link academic knowledge and journalism expertise through scholarship, teaching and professional engagement. Her list of scholarly awards includes: Visiting Fellow at the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism (RISJ), Oxford University (April-June 2016), the UBC Peter Wall Institute of Advanced Studies Early Career Scholar Award (2009-2010) and the 2007 Rufus Z. Smith Award for the best article (co-authored) published in the American Review of Canadian Studies.

    Tittel og abstract

    Multiple journalisms and field transformation

    Multiple journalisms, publics, journalists, scholars, and policy makers are contributing to repair, reform and transformation of contemporary journalism. This research presentation explores how journalism is experimenting with and responding to critique and crises across complex interrelated often global systems - from startups and new global media to Indigenous journalists, representations of climate change and ways that journalists have understood themselves as truth tellers. How journalists are thinking about their own expertise, situated knowledges, and methods are rapidly evolving as they are also confronted with novel business models, precarious labor  conditions and new competitive arenas where diverse publics and journalists use multiple platforms to talk back, re-interpret, and report on events and issues. As part of this focus, we would also like to expand the framework of how we have been thinking about alternative media. For example, Aboriginal Peoples Television Network in Canada, a national award wining journalism organization, is still considered alternative media.

    Our specific contribution to the research programme, Multiple Journalisms and Field Transformation, emerges from our book, Reckoning: Journalism’s Limits and Possibilities, which is summarized below:

    How do journalists know what they know? Who gets to decide what good journalism is and when it's done right? What sort of expertise do journalists have, and what role should and do they play in society? Until a couple of decades ago, journalists rarely asked these questions, largely because the answers were generally undisputed. Now, the stakes are rising for journalists as they face real-time critique and audience pushback for their ethics, news reporting, and relevance. Yet the crises facing journalism have been narrowly defined as the result of disruption
    by new technologies and economic decline. This book argues that the concerns are in fact much more profound. Drawing on their five years of research with journalists in the U.S. and Canada, in a variety of news organizations from startups and freelancers to mainstream media, the authors find a digital reckoning taking place regarding journalism's founding ideals and methods. The book explores journalism's long-standing representational harms, arguing that despite thoughtful explorations of the role of publics in journalism, the profession hasn't adequately addressed matters of gender, race, intersectionality, and settler colonialism. In doing so, the authors rethink the basis for what journalism says it could and should do, suggesting that a turn to strong objectivity and systems journalism provides a path forward. They offer insights from journalists' own experiences and efforts at repair, reform, and transformation to consider how journalism can address its limits and possibilities along with widening media publics.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

  • Saba Bebawi, mars-april 2020

    Professor ved School of Communication, University of Technology Sydney. 


    Saba Bebawi is a journalism and media researcher who has published on media power and the role of media in democracy-building, in addition to investigative journalism in conflict and post-conflict regions. She is author of Media Power and Global Television News: The role of Al Jazeera English (2016), Investigative Journalism in the Arab World: Issues and Challenges (2016), and co-author with Mark Evans on The Future Foreign Correspondent (2019), in addition to co-editor of Social Media and the Politics of Reportage:The 'Arab Spring' (2014). She holds a PhD in International News from the University of Melbourne, an MA research in Media Policy from Queensland University of Technology (QUT), and an MA in Communications from Monash University in Australia. Bebawi has worked as a journalist since 1995. She was a broadcaster/producer for Radio Jordan English service for four years, and also worked on a contract basis for CNN, World New Events (USA), and Dubai TV. She is a media development and policy consultant, in addition to being a media trainer. She was a scholarly fellow at the Centre for Media Pluralism and Freedom at the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence, Italy (June-July 2017); and visiting fellow at the Middle East Institute (MEI) at the National University of Singapore (NUS), (July 2016). She is currently an Australian Research Council (ARC) DECRA fellow (2018-2020) for a project on 'Developing an Arab Culture of Investigative Journalism'. She is also Chief Investigator of an ARC Discovery Project (2018-2020) with the University of Sydney and Helsinki, on a project titled ‘Media Pluralism and Online News’. She is project director for the Foreign Correspondent Study Tour (FCST), funded by the Australian government's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), and the New Colombo Plan (NCP) mobility grants.

    Tittel og abstract

    Understanding Data Journalism in Investigative Reporting in the Arab World

    Data-driven journalism is still somewhat new in the Arab world, and despite some promising initiatives, there are a few obstacles that Arab journalism faces in this transitional period to data journalism. This presentation will discuss two of these challenges: the first is traditional practices of Arab reporting that can be described as emotive in nature, and the second is the lack of data and access to information. Nonetheless reporters, and particularly investigative journalists in the region, are working towards addressing these two challenges especially through the training of the next generation of journalists.
    Interestingly, data journalism is being adopted by Arab investigative reporters with the aim of producing evidence-based reporting, and for that reason this presentation will focus specifically on that form of journalism.

    The historic evolvement of investigative reporting has not been systematic in the Arab world, nor has it developed in a regular and routine form. In fact, its emergence can be better characterised as chaotic and dispersed, where its successes in achieving change and making an impact have been occasional. Therefore, the evolution of investigative journalism does not translate into a continuous historical narrative; rather, it can be described as a cyclical evolution that is dependent on particular circumstances and conditions that relate to the media institution; the journalist; and the political, economic, and social conditions at the time. In light of this, access to data remains a particular challenge to Arab investigative reporters, where archival material is limited. To add, in a region of high political activity and corruptive systems, providing access to information to citizens, including journalists, puts the government and officials in jeopardy; therefore, it is not within their interest to promote or facilitate any Freedom of Information (FOI) laws that facilitate access to information.

    Yet Arab investigative reporters are finding ways of uncovering information and using data journalism to tell their stories, changing what used to be an ‘emotive’ form of Arab journalism, as will be discussed in this presentation, to that of a fact-finding and fact checking form of journalism. This study is part of a larger project that aims to understand how Arab investigative journalism is evolving independently of western journalistic models. 

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

  • Kate Wright, oktober 2020

    NB! Dato er ikke fastsatt. 

    Chancellor's Fellow in the Cultural and Creative Industries, University of Edinburgh.


    I am the Academic Lead of the interdisciplinary research cluster in Media and Communications at the University of Edinburgh.  I study the practices and political economies of international news and mediated advocacy, especially humanitarian and human rights campaigning.

    I am currently working on a collaborative research project, in partnership with the UN-OCHA, to establish the influence of different kinds of digital media on the decision-making of major donor governments. This arose from a global research project, funded by the AHRC, on Humanitarian Journalism. In the course of this work, I studied major state-funded international broadcasters and wire agencies, as well as specialist outlets funded by private foundations.

    I have also published sole-authored work on the growing involvement of NGOs in the production of international news, focusing on the coverage of Africa. As a result of this work, I have developed expertise in the politics of visual imagery, multimodal media analysis, and freelancing.

    Before moving to Edinburgh, I was a Senior Lecturer in Journalism at the University of Roehampton.   I also served as the Media Fellow on an ESRC project about Non-Governmental Public Action, based at LSE, and have been a Visiting Scholar at the 'NODE Centre for Research into News and Opinion in the Digital Era' based at Karlstad University in Sweden.

    My research interests have been shaped by my experience as an award-winning BBC journalist working on Scottish, British and international news flagships. This included reporting on several wars, disasters and terrorist attacks, as well as investigative reports, which resulted in several murder convictions being overturned in the UK’s High Court.

    Tittel og abstract

    Digital humanitarianism, digital journalism

    New forms of digital media are transforming humanitarian practice. Humanitarian needs are assessed using drone film, satellite imagery or digital ‘maps’ of disasters compiled from social media posts by distant volunteers. Refugees are visually tracked across borders using data drawn from their Google searches, and on arrival, they are often given access to wifi and mobile charging stations, along with food, water and shelter.

    Potential humanitarian donors are increasingly encouraged to encounter, and learn from, “real” refugees via Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, and humanitarian computer games. Indeed, even the evaluation of humanitarian missions or projects is carried out through digital media: with slick films and photo galleries increasingly supplementing – or even replacing- traditional staged assessments. Thus, this new world of digital humanitarianism brings together commercial media businesses, loose networks of skilled volunteers and freelancers, national governments, and humanitarian agencies in interesting— but often controversial— combinations.    

    New forms of digital media are also combining with other factors to transform the political economies of news outlets, as well as journalists’ practices and output. Digital media may give journalists new story-telling abilities, but it also creates a plethora of new pressures. These include (but are not limited to) the need to constantly reinvest in new technical developments, to chase fragmented and highly visual forms of audience attention, and to produce clickable, sharable content to demonstrate ‘success’ to advertisers and/or public bodies.

    This paper aims to stimulate discussions about how digital media is reshaping the ways in which journalism and humanitarianism relate to one another: causing them to dovetail together in profound and complex ways. In the first part of the lecture, Dr Kate Wright will explain how the move towards digital media has reshaped the engagement of different NGOs in news production. To do so, she will draw on the production case studies contained in her book, Who’s Reporting Africa Now? Non-Governmental Organizations, Journalists and Multimedia¸ as well as her subsequent work on NGOs’ engagement in emerging digital media.

    In the second part of the paper, Dr Wright will move on to discuss the findings of a collaborative 4 year project into humanitarian journalism more broadly.  This project (which was funded by the UK’s Arts and Humanities Research Council), maps out which Anglophone news organisations in the world produce regular, original humanitarian coverage; the political economies underpinning such work; and the norms and practices involved in it.

    Dr Wright will begin by outlining the imbrication of state-funded international humanitarian coverage in international diplomacy: focussing on the Chinese government’s efforts to exercise greater control over state-funded wire agencies and online media.  She will then discuss specialist humanitarian journalists at the niche, online-only media outlets consumed by practitioners and policymakers. In particular, she will focus on the ways in which these journalists attempt to use the affordances of digital media to address their own goals, at the same time as try to meet the (ultimately unsustainable) requirements of the private foundations which fund them. 

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    PDF of monograph (Who’s Reporting Africa Now? Journalists, NGOs and Multimedia) available if des.



Fellows høsten 2019

  • Rich Ling, desember 2019

    Richard Ling er Shaw Foundation Professor ved Media Technology, at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.


    Rich Ling (Ph.D., University of Colorado, sociology) is the Shaw Foundation Professor of Media Technology, at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Ling studies the social consequences of mobile communication including how it facilitates microcoordination, how it has been adopted and used by teens in Norway and the US, its role in the diffusion of news (and fake news), and how it is used by small-scale entrepreneurs in places such as Cote d’Ivoire and Myanmar. He has also examined how it illuminates more fundamental social forces such as strong-tie bonds and triadic interaction and how mobile communication is increasingly being structured into the social fabric.

    Ling has written/edited 11 books and over 100 peer-reviewed papers and book chapters. His single-author books include The mobile connection (Morgan Kaufmann, 2004), New Tech, New Ties (MIT, 2008) and Taken for grantedness (MIT, 2012) a book that received a complimentary review in the journal Science. He is Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, a founding co-editor of Mobile Media and Communication (Sage), a founding co-editor of the Oxford University Press Series Studies in Mobile Communication. He was recently named a fellow of the International Communication Association (ICA). Also, he is the chair of the ICA Mobile Communication Interest Group.

    Tittel og abstract

    Journalistic deskilling and a call for a new journalism

    I have worked in the area of mobile communication and journalism for the last years. I have a long history of studying the social consequences of mobile communication stretching back to the mid 1990’s. In addition, for the last few years I have led a project on the future of journalism as it faces the transition to mobile platforms. This was the “Personal Portable Information Devices (PPIDs) project, which was funded by the Singaporean Ministry of Education that had a budget of approximately 1.68 million NOK. One of the main findings of this project is that the traditional distribution chains associated with legacy journalism are under siege. Rather than subscribing to a news source, many people are simply getting their news via social media. This means that the gatekeeper role of legacy news is being replaced. It means that our sharing of news stories with our social media sphere has become our access point to news. It also means that the role of the journalist, and the professional criteria upon which this rests, is being eroded.

    In short the news industry is facing an unprecedented transition. There are technical transitions (digitalization and AI), the notion of the profession is being questioned, the legitimacy of the institution is in question (viz. President Trump’s continued attacks), etc. Given this, there is the need to carefully think about the broader role of journalism in society. There is the need to think beyond the definition of the profession. In this work I propose to examine the broader social function of news and how to pursue that in the new technical environment. While there is a stark need for a Jeffersonian “enlightened electorate,” robust civic information, and a population that engages in this information, there is also the distinct possibility that we are moving in the direction of a “bread and circus” development. I am interested in taking some time to think about these issues and to consider what a new journalism would include.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    • Aricat, Rajiv G. and Ling, Rich. (2018) Mobile Phones and Migrant Acculturation: A Study among Low-Skilled Workers in Singapore. New York: Lexington Books
    • Herro, S. Arafeh, R. Ling & C. Holden (Eds.) (2018), Mobile learning: Perspectives on practice and policy. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.  
    • Goggin, G., Hjorth, L., & Ling, R. (Eds.). (2016). Mobile Technologies. (4 volumes) Routledge: London.
    • Ling, R. (2012). Taken for grantedness. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    • Ling, R., & Horst. H. (Eds.). (2011). Mobile communication and the developing world [Special Issue]. New Media & Society, 13(3).
    • Ling, R., & Campbell, S. (Eds.). 2011. Mobile communication: Bringing us together or tearing us apart?. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
    • Ling, R., & Donner, J. (2009). Mobile phones and mobile communication. Cambridge: Polity.
    • Ling, R. (2008). New tech, new ties: How mobile communication is reshaping social cohesion. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    • Ling, R., & Campbell, S. (Eds.). (2008). Mobile communications research annual: Vol. I. The reconstruction of space and time through mobile communication practices. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
    • Ling. R., & Pedersen, P. (Eds.). (2005). Mobile communications: Re-negotiation of the social sphere. London: Springer-Verlag.
    • Ling. R. (2004). The mobile connection: The cell phone's impact on society. San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann.
    • Ling. R. (Ed.). (2002). Mobile communication and the reformulation of the social order [Special Issue]. Personal & Ubiquitous Computing, 5(2).
    • Ling, R., & Wilhite, H. (Eds.). (1993). The energy efficiency challenge for Europe: Oslo, Norway: European Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy.
  • Hanan Badr, november 2019

    Hanan Badr er professor ved Free University in Berlin.


    Hanan Badr holds an interim professorship at the Free University in Berlin. She has a secondary appointment as an assistant professor at Department of Journalism at Cairo University. Her profile lies at the intersection of journalism & media studies; political communication and area studies with a focus on the Arab region. Her latest project “Journalism in Transformation” investigates how the political and technological ruptures affected the journalism practices in post-Arab Spring Egypt. In her previous project “Media, Functions in Transition”, funded by the German Research Council DFG, she compared the interplay between the new media and the overlooked ‘old’ media in building the agenda for marginalized publics in North Africa before the 2011 uprisings.
    Building on postcolonial theory, her research develops a non-Western gaze onto journalism and media and aims at producing authentically informed knowledge on the Global South. Her fields include Journalism and Arab Spring, media & transformation, comparative media systems and Internet and Public sphere. Hanan obtained her doctorate degree (Dr. phil.) from Erfurt University, in Germany, on Framing terrorism in German and Egyptian print media discourses, and published it as monograph with Springer Verlag ( She had her M.A. and B.A. at Cairo University at the Department of Journalism.


    One Journalism Crisis for All? Shattered hopes of transformation and fragile (digital) journalism futures outside Western contexts

    Considering the structural and digital transformation of the public sphere established rules of the profession and financial viability models seemed shaken, yet new rules in the digital news ecology are not clear yet. In societies where journalism has had different sets of crises, including struggles for freedom but also fragmentation of the professional community itself, in addition to the uncertain new trends in digital journalism we need to reconstruct the meaning of journalism crisis, as journalists themselves see it. The paper brings in important inputs to rethinking (digital) journalism in a non-Western context.
    By expanding the matrix of the journalism crisis to an international different setting, this study follows the theoretical lens that views the dimensions of media systems (Hallin and Mancini, 2004; Hafez, 2002; Quandt & Sheufele, 2011). Semi-structured interviews answer the central research question: how do journalists perceive the journalism crisis in a country that struggles within autocratic polarized political environments in the post-Arab Spring years?
    In Egypt the term ‘journalism crisis’ has severe connotations: a political tight framework and divided professional community shape the scene. Digital journalism struggles to find recognition: digital journalists are excluded from the union protection as the laws do not recognize them as true journalists. Amid rising platformization, professional and sustainable digital journalism examples are extremely rare and depend on foreign media assistance programs. Added to the socio-economic fragility, censorship, and threats for safety and freedoms, digital journalists work under higher conditions of uncertainty and political targeting.
    The journalistic community itself is divided on the reasons of “death of journalism”: politics vs. technology. While regime-critical voices state that freedom will save journalism practice, regime loyalist journalists attribute the crisis to the new technologies and inability to compete with the free available news online and the inability to impose ‘paywalls’ in an economically weak country as Egypt. Divisions from within and pressure from the political system make the future of (digital) journalism uncertain in Egypt.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    • Badr, H. (2019). Transformation, Social Media and Hybrid Media Systems – Rethinking media visibility of counter-issues in North Africa before and after the Arab Uprisings. In: IEMed Mediterranean Yearbook 2019: Social networks and political change in the Mediterranean region. Tools of change or instruments of war and hate. Barcelona: European Institute of the Mediterranean (forthcoming).
    • Badr, H. (2018). Social Movements, Social Media and the Political Culture: Constitutional Debates in a transformative Post-Revolutionary Egypt. In: Richter, C., Antonakis, A., Harders C. (eds): Digital Media and the Politics of Transformation in the Arab World and Asia. Wiesbaden: Springer VS.
    • Richter, C., Badr, H. (2018). Communication Studies in Transformation: Self-Reflections on an Evolving Discipline in Times of Change. In: Kohstall, F., Richter, C., Dhouib, S., Kastner, F. (eds.), Academia in Transformation: Scholars Facing the Arab Uprisings. Baden: Nomos. As Open Access AGYA Working Paper:
    • Badr, H. (2016). Public Sphere, new media and political culture in post-revolutionary Egypt. Orient-Institut Studies, 4.
    • Badr, H. (2015). Limitations of the Social Media Euphoria in Communication Studies. Égypte/Monde arabe, 13. URL: 
  • Vera Slavtcheva-Petkova, november 2019

    Dr. Vera Slavtcheva-Petkova is Senior Lecturer in Communications and Media Studies at the University of Liverpool, UK.


    Dr. Vera Slavtcheva-Petkova is Senior Lecturer in Communications and Media Studies at the University of Liverpool, UK. Vera joined the University of Liverpool in September 2017 after having worked at the University of Chester and the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford. Her undergraduate degree is in Journalism and Mass Communication from the American University in Bulgaria and her MA is in the European Union: Media, Politics and Society from the University of East Anglia. She completed her PhD in the Social Sciences at Loughborough University in 2011. Her PhD thesis was about Children, Europe and the media. Vera is the author of Russia’s Liberal Media: Handcuffed but Free (Routledge, 2018) and Global Journalism: An Introduction (Palgrave, 2018; with Professor Michael Bromley, Sheffield University). Vera sits on the Executive Committee of the Worlds of Journalism study – a ground-breaking academic project assessing the state of journalism in 67 countries in the second wave (2012-2016), and 110 countries in the forthcoming third wave (2020-2022). Vera is also Regional Coordinator for Central and Eastern Europe, and Chair of the Journalists’ Safety Working Group. She is Book Review Editor of the European Journal of Communication. Vera's research areas are: 1. Global and international journalism with a focus on Russia and Eastern Europe. 2. Children, young people and the media. 3. Nationalism, banal Europeanism and the media. 4. The Internet’s role in relation to: a) risks and opportunities for young people, and b) democratic deliberative potential with a focus on online comments. Vera has published her research in leading journals in the field such as Ethnicities; Information, Communication & Society; International Journal of Press/Politics; International Journal of Communication; Journalism; Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly; Journal of Children and Media; Journalism Studies; and YOUNG. Vera previously worked as European editor for the second biggest-selling newspaper in Bulgaria – 24 Chasa.


    Journalism under threat: Towards a systematic investigation of journalists’ perceptions of risk in 110 countries

    Journalists, news organisations and the institution of journalism face increased levels of risk and uncertainty to the extent that scholars started proclaiming the ‘death’ or ‘end’ of journalism (Charles & Stewart, 2011; McChesney & Nichols, 2010). While there are numerous studies investigating different aspects of risks and uncertainty, there is no study or approach that systematically, and comparatively, investigates risks and uncertainly in journalism on the level of perception. This is a gap that the third wave of the Worlds of Journalism Study (WJS) aims to fill. WJS is an ongoing collaborative project assessing the state of journalism around the world. The second wave (2012-2016) of the study has covered 67 countries, and the forthcoming third wave (2020-2022) is going to include more than 110 countries.

    Based on a literature review, we argue that risks emanate from four interrelated sources: politics, economy, technology, and culture. Political risks include the increase in hostility towards journalists both in authoritarian regimes and liberal democracies, which has contributed to a decline in press freedom. Safety threats against journalists, including those perpetrated in the online space, have also increased across different contexts. Economic risks stem from increased economic pressures on news organizations as a result of, among others, economic downturn, the collapse of journalism’s traditional business model, and changes in the economics of news production brought about by the advent of the Internet. The changing digital environment, with a crucial role of social media platforms, constitutes a new risk critical to journalism’s future. Technological risks are linked to new potentials for public participation and new types of actors in communication processes, such as algorithms and social bots. These changes have contributed to a networked news ecosystem that gives political, commercial and other entities the opportunity to bypass journalism and to address audiences directly. This in turn has led to an erosion of professional journalism’s power as an intermediary institution (Vos, 2019). Cultural risks, finally, relate to the erosion of public support for the press and the rise of hate groups that target journalists in many countries.

    In order to capture a range of risks journalists face around the world, the third wave of WJS will include a question measuring journalists’ perception of the degree of media freedom in their countries as well as a series of questions on journalists’ safety. We conceptualize safety as three-dimensional, encompassing physical, psychological/emotional, and occupational aspects. While digital safety is an important dimension of safety, we will not treat it separately. Journalists will be asked to indicate how safe they feel in their work as well as whether they have experienced a range of threats in their work – from physical attacks and sexual harassment to threatening messages and cyberattacks. Our approach to measuring risk and uncertainty is holistic; we account not only for the different types of risks but also for the interrelation between risks, threats, and journalists’ resilience and, consequently, their ability to serve the societies they work in. Our presentation is a welcome opportunity to solicit preliminary feedback on our approach and measures, which will allow us to further improve our research tools.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    • Bromley, Michael and Slavtcheva-Petkova, Vera. (2018). Global Journalism: An Introduction. Palgrave.
    • Slavtcheva-Petkova, Vera. (2018). Russia’s Liberal Media: Handcuffed but Free. Routledge.
    • Slavtcheva-Petkova, Vera. (2018). “Post-truth” politics, journalistic corruption and the process of self-othering: The case of Bulgaria. Journalism Studies, 19(13), 1980-1990. doi: 10.1080/1461670X.2018.1500869
    • Slavtcheva-Petkova, Vera. (2017). Fighting Putin and the Kremlin’s grip in neo-authoritarian Russia: The experience of liberal journalists. Journalism, doi:10.1177/1464884917708061
    • Slavtcheva-Petkova, Vera. (2016). “We are not fools”: Online news commentators’ perceptions of real and ideal journalism. International Journal of Press/Politics. 21(1), 68-87. 10.1177/1940161215612203
  • Julie Posetti, november 2019

    Julie Posetti er Senior Research Fellow ved Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, University of Oxford. Centre for Freedom of the Media.


    Mer informasjon kommer.

    Tittel og abstract

    The New Frontline: Female Journalists at the Intersection of Converging Digital Age Threats

    Three of the most urgent safety and security threats confronting Digital Age journalism are converging, and female journalists are at the epicentre of risk. These convergent threats can be identified as follows: gendered online harassment; orchestrated disinformation campaigns; and privacy erosion. In this paper/presentation, I will extrapolate and synthesise findings from a body of original research on these themes that I have produced for UNESCO (Posetti 2017; Posetti 2017a; Posetti 2018; Posetti & Storm 2019), the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism at the University of Oxford (Posetti, Simon and Shabbir 2019); and the NGO Blueprint for Free Speech (Posetti, Dreyfus and Colvin 2018) over the past five years as these risks have begun intersecting and overlapping. The risks to be examined range from pernicious, gendered online harassment to overt, targeted attacks that frequently involve threats of sexual violence. Increasingly, they also include digital security breaches from the exposure of identifying information (exacerbating offline safety threats and risking the exposure and targeting of confidential sources), to malicious misrepresentation using Artificial Intelligence technologies. The objective will be to demonstrate the impacts of these overlapping safety and security threats faced by female journalists working in digital contexts – risks that manifest both online and offline, and extend to the journalists’ sources and audiences. Additionally, I will suggest a range of recommendations for action by states, the news industry, academia and civil society organisations based on this analysis.
    Early research highlighting the misogynistic nature of harassment experienced by women bloggers in the pre-social media era serves as a beacon for the rampant cyber-misogyny now experienced by women journalists in the age of ‘social journalism’ (Filipovic 2007; Seelhoff 2007; Citron 2009). The expectation that journalists be actively embedded on social platforms like Facebook and Twitter to facilitate the direct audience engagement that is now integral to journalistic research, production and content dissemination (Posetti 2013) has placed female journalists on the frontline of a massive problem. In addition to threats of sexualised violence - including rape and murder - the ‘pile on’ effect (organic, organised, or robotic mass attacks against a person online) worsens the impacts of online harassment experienced by female journalists, a burden they increasingly share with their female audiences and sources.
    Another hallmark of this online abuse of women media workers (and others producing verifiable information in the public interest across a range of digital platforms) is the use of disinformation tactics – lies are spread about their character or their work as a means of undermining their credibility, humiliating them, and seeking to chill their public commentary and reporting. In some instances, journalists have been targeted in acts of ‘astroturfing’  and ‘trolling’  – experienced as deliberate attempts to “mislead, misinform, befuddle, or endanger journalists” (Posetti 2013). In other cases, they face cyberattacks designed to reveal their sources, breach their privacy to expose them to risk, identify their sources, or access their unpublished data through phishing (King 2014), doxing , malware attacks, and identity spoofing . More recently, computational propaganda (Woolley & Howard 2017) has increased the risks for journalists dealing with ‘astroturfing’ and ‘trolling’. This involves the use of bots to disseminate well-targeted false information and propaganda messages on a scale designed to look like an organic movement. Frequently, these attacks have involved gendered elements and threats of sexual violence. Concurrently, AI technology is being leveraged to create ‘deepfake’  porn videos and other forms of content designed to discredit women journalists. A trend has also emerged involving the specific targeting of women journalists by state and corporate actors engaged in ‘disinformation wars’ deploying the tactics described above (Posetti 2018). Case studies to be cited in this paper/presentation (drawing on dozens of research interviews with relevant actors) include:

    • The targeting of Independent Philippines news site and its largely female staff in a campaign of prolific online abuse that began in 2016 in connection with an ongoing state-sponsored disinformation campaign that has included digital security attacks on Rappler as well as threats of violence and sexual assault against its staff. Rappler’s CEO and Executive Editor Maria Ressa has become an international leader in the fightback against the problem (Posetti 2017a; Posetti, Simon & Shabbir 2019)
    • A wealthy family, accused of capturing key state enterprises and politicians in South Africa, hired UK Public Relations firm Bell Pottinger to devise an elaborate propaganda campaign.  It spread its messages via a ‘fake news’ empire involving websites and a paid twitter army which targeted journalists, business people and politicians with abusive, hostile messages and photoshopped images, designed to humiliate and discredit. Prominent editor Ferial Haffajee (along with her Daily Maverick colleagues) was targeted in a campaign of online harassment during this period, which saw her image manipulated to create false impressions of her character, alongside deployment of the hashtag #presstitute (Posetti 2018; Posetti, Simon & Shabbir 2019 ).
    • The case of journalist Rana Ayyub elicited a call in 2018 from five United Nations special rapporteurs for the Indian government to provide protection, following the mass circulation of false information online designed to counter her critical reporting. The independent journalist was on the receiving end of disinformation about her on social media, including ‘deepfake’ videos , as well as direct rape and death threats (OHCHR 2018; Ayyub 2018). The UN experts cited the murder of Indian journalist, Gauri Lankesh, following death threats in September 2017 and called on India to act to protect Ayyub, stating: “We are highly concerned that the life of Rana Ayyub is at serious risk following these graphic and disturbing threats.” Similar threats were experienced by female journalists working at Indian digital news site The Quint in the context of disinformation connected to Hindu Nationalism and Modi populism
    • Finnish investigative journalist, Jessikka Aro, is the ongoing target of ‘troll factories’ in a campaign that began in 2014. She has experienced disinformation attacks, along with digital safety threats including spoofing and doxing: “...propagandists started to spread fake information about me in Russian information spaces. I was framed as some kind of foreign agent or foreign spy. My contact information was put online along with that disinformation,” she told the BBC (BBC Trending 2017)

      Note: ‘Astroturfing’ is a term derived from a brand of fake grass used to carpet outdoor surfaces to create the impression it is natural grass cover. In the context of disinformation, it involves spreading fake information, targeting audiences and journalists with an intention to redirect or mislead them, particularly in the form of ‘evidence’ of faux popular support for a person, idea or policy. See also Technopedia definition:  [Accessed 20/06/18]  Note: ‘Trolling’ in its internet-related application refers to acts that range from gentle teasing, tricking and goading to deliberate deception. However, it is increasingly deployed as a term to cover all acts of online abuse. This is potentially problematic as it conflates a wide range of activities and potentially underplays the seriousness of online harassment.  From Technopedia: Doxing is the process of retrieving, hacking and publishing other people’s information such as names, addresses, phone numbers and credit card details. Doxing may be targeted toward a specific person or an organisation. There are many reasons for doxing, but one of the most popular is coercion. Doxing is a slang term that is derived from the word “.doc” because documents are often retrieved and shared. Hackers have developed different ways to dox, but one of the most common methods is by obtaining the victim’s email and then uncovering the password to open their account to obtain more personal information: [Accessed 29/03/18]  From Technopedia: Spoofing is a fraudulent or malicious practice in which communication is sent from an unknown source disguised asa source known to the receiver. Email spoofing is the most common form of this practice. A spoofed email may also contain additional threats like Trojans or other viruses. These programmes can cause significant computer damage by triggering unexpected activities, remote access, deletion of files and more:  [Accessed 29/03/18]    The term ‘deepfake’ is a portmanteau of ‘deep learning’ and ‘fake’. It involves AI technology in the creation of fraudulent content, sometimes of a pornographic nature, that is virtually undetectable. It is used in cyberattacks to discredit people, including journalists. See:  Extensive dossier on the Gupta’s ‘fake news empire’ available at:  [Accessed 30/03/18]  See: Cuthbertson, A (2018) What is ‘deepfake’ porn? AI brings face-swapping to disturbing new level in Newsweek:  [Accessed 17/06/18]  For defensive digital strategies see: Henrichsen, J et al (2015) Building Digital Safety for Journalism Paris: UNESCO: [Accessed 20/7/18]

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    • Posetti, J (2017) Protecting Journalism Sources in the Digital Age (Paris: UNESCO)
    • Posetti, J (2017) Fighting Back Against Prolific Online Harassment: Maria Ressa in UNESCO’s An Attack on One is an Attack on All (Paris: UNESCO)
    • Posetti J & Ireton C (2018) Journalism ‘Fake News’ and Disinformation (Paris: UNESCO)
    • Posetti, J et al (2019) Perugia Principles for Journalists Working With Whistleblowers in the Digital Age
    • Posetti J, Simon F, Shabbir, N (2019) Lessons in Innovation: How International Newsrooms Combat Disinformation Through Mission-Driven Journalism, Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, University of Oxford.
  • Silvio Waisbord, november 2019


    Silvio Waisbord is Professor in the School of Media and Public Affairs at George Washington University. He has served as Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Communication and The International Journal of Press/Politics. He is Fellow of the International Communication Association. His most recent book is Communication: A Post-Discipline (Polity, 2019) and his next book is The Communication Manifesto (Polity, 2019).

    Tittel og abstract

    Whose speech? The demonization of journalism and online harassment of reporters

    Abstract: This presentation offers a reflection on what online harassment of reporters tells us about public speech. Growing levels of attack against journalists have been recorded around the world. Reporters working on hot-button issues that anchor specific political identities, especially right-wing causes, have been primary targets. I argue that this trend is closely linked to the demonization of journalists and the press by populist leaders and movements and the ubiquity of digital hate speech. Whereas anti-press violence in the past fundamentally reflected problems at the level of the state, namely the weakness of accountability mechanisms and authoritarianism, online harassment of reporters attests to the challenges and the consequences journalists confront when they exercise the right to speech. Journalism is a "canary in the coalmine" that constantly tests and illustrates worrisome conditions in contemporary public communication. Effective responses to online harassment are hard to come by amid the challenges posed by the collapse of the old communication order and the proliferation of public speech.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    Democratic Journalism and “Statelessness”, Political Communication, 2007:

    Truth is What Happens to News: On journalism, fake news, and post-truth, Journalism Studies, 2018:

    Why Populism is Troubling for Democratic Communication, Communication, Culture and Critique, 2018: 

    Challenges to Protecting Journalists: How Norm Diffusion Differs From Norm Enforcement,  Journalism & Communication Monograph:

  • Alfred Hermida, oktober 2019

    Director & Associate Professor, UBC Graduate School of Journalism

    Fellow ved Digital journalistikk, oktober 2019.


    Journalism outside in: A memoir of power, authority and identity

    Journalism as an institution, with firmly established and entrenched norms and practices, has proved to be remarkably resilient given the changes and challenges of more than 20 years of digitalization. Novel actors, networked technologies and shifts in audience practices over the past two decades have led to questions about the way journalists think about and engage in their work. Scholars have traced how the practices and processes that make up journalism are happening in novel spaces in novel ways outside the institutional confines of the profession.

    This talk offers a personal memoir through journalistic power, authority and identity, drawing on my professional experience at the BBC and my scholarly work on participatory journalism, social media and journalism innovation. Constant threads through my professional and scholarly work are questions of power, authority and identity in journalism.

    My perspective is located in my personal narrative. Having been born and brought up in the British territory of Gibraltar, my family roots are Spanish and Italian, yet I consider myself British. As a journalist, I was drawn to departments and projects at the periphery of BBC News where there was greater latitude to pursue novel approaches. As a scholar, my research trajectory has traced the allure of participatory practices and social media to facilitate a more inclusive and open journalism.

    This talk delves into the institutional power and authority of journalism as a profession through my personal, professional and scholarly lens of 30 years in the field.


    Alfred Hermida PhD is an associate professor and director of the School of Journalism at the University of British Columbia, and co-founder of The Conversation Canada. With more than two decades of experience in digital journalism, his research explores the transformation of media, with a focus on emerging news practices, media innovation, social media and data journalism. His most recent book co-authored with Mary Lynn Young, Data Journalism and the Regeneration of News (Routledge 2019), reveals how the growth of data journalism has been cultivated and sustained by professional identities, tools and technologies, and new forms of collaboration and computational thinking. He is author of Tell Everyone: Why We Share and Why It Matters (DoubleDay, 2014), winner of the 2015 National Business Book Award, co-author of Participatory Journalism: Guarding Open Gates at Online Newspapers (Wiley Blackwell, 2011), and co-editor of The Sage Handbook of Digital Journalism (Sage, 2016). Hermida has a distinguished journalistic pedigree, honed through 16 years at BBC News during which he pioneered new forms of journalistic practice, including as one of the first BBC bi-media (TV and radio) foreign correspondents (1990), as a founding editor of the BBC News website (1997), as the co-creator of the first BBC World Service podcast, Go Digital (2001) and as founder of the first technology vertical on the BBC News website. He is British-Canadian, with his family roots in Gibraltar where he was born and lived until going to university in the U.K.

    Related publications

    Hermida, Alfred. 2019. The existential predicament when journalism moves beyond journalism. Journalism 20(1): 177-180. 

    Hermida, Alfred, and Mary Lynn Young. (2016). Finding the data Unicorn: A hierarchy of hybridity in data and computational journalism. Digital Journalism 5 (2): 159-176. 

    Hermida, Alfred, (2013) “#Journalism: Reconfiguring Journalism Research about Twitter, One Tweet at a Time,” Digital Journalism, 1(3), 295-313. 

    Hermida, Alfred. (2014). Tell Everyone: Why We Share and Why It Matters, DoubleDay Canada. 

    Singer, Jane B., Alfred Hermida, David Domingo, Ari Heinonen, Steve Paulussen, Thorsten Quandt, Zvi Reich, Marina Vujnovic (2011). Participatory Journalism: Guarding Open Gates at Online Newspapers. New York: Wiley-Blackwell. 

  • Mario Haim, oktober 2019

    Mario Haim is a communication scholar with a background in informatics at the University of Stavanger.


    Haim mainly focuses on journalism studies but also reaches out to political communication and health communication, yet almost always with a strong emphasis on computational communication research. As such, he has conducted studies on automated journalism, the diffusion of online news, influences of audience analytics on digital journalism but also on political informationseeking, the provision of digital health information, as well as on computational methods. Mario gained his PhD at LMU Munich in 2018 with a dissertation on the influences of audience analytics on various news outlets. He studied Communication in Augsburg, Munich, and Helsinki, and he also holds a vocational degree in Information Science. In 2016, he was a visiting scholar to Columbia’s Tow Center and in 2015, he served as guest lecturer to the University of Southern Denmark. Currently, Mario Haim is a postdoctoral fellow to the University of Stavanger.

    Tittel og abstract

    Investigating Algorithmic Content Curation in an Age of Polarization.

    Computational journalism, that is, the „finding, telling and dissemination of news stories with, by, or about algorithms” (Diakopoulos & Koliska, 2017, p. 810), has gained lots of traction over the last couple of years. Phenomena, such as automated journalism, the influence of audience analytics, filter bubbles and echo chambers, the diffusion of so-called “fake news,” or the use of news within algorithmically curated information environments have driven both public debate and academic research. Circling around theoretical ideas of personalization and polarization, datafication and algorithmic curation, this presentation will try to summarize current findings and pinpoint academic shortcomings within the broad and fragmented field of computational journalism.
    To account for the current theoretical streams of thought and findings on the one hand, but also for the methodological challenges in this field on the other, the presentation will be twofold. Both parts (approximately 45 minutes each) will stand for themselves with several links between them. Moreover, both parts will not require previous knowledge.
    The first part will provide an overview of the status quo of computational journalism and give a thorough summary on ongoing research endeavors toward personalization and polarization of online news and online news consumption. Building upon a variety of angles, the presentation will give a literature review, identify current shortcomings, and lay out a plan for a new research project that tries to incorporate aforementioned findings and challenges.

    The second part will put a strong focus on methodological enquiries into algorithmically curated information environments, Mario Haim, oktober 2019such social media, news aggregators, or search engines. Challenged by increasingly personalized information environments and uncooperative intermediaries, possible methodological approaches will be presented and discussed, including but not limited to API access, web scraping, agent-based testing, and computational observation. The presentation will end by presenting a roadmap for a robust and professionalized, open and connectable computational communication research.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    • Haim, M. & Nienierza, A. (2019). Computational observation: Challenges and opportunities of automated observation within algorithmically curated media environments using a browser plugin. Computational Communication Research, 1(1).
    • Scherr, S., Haim, M., & Arendt, F. (2019). Equal access to online information? Google's suicideprevention disparities may amplify a global digital divide. New Media & Society, 21(3), 562–582.
    • Haim, M., Kümpel, A. S., & Brosius, H.-B. (2018). Popularity cues in online media: A review of conceptualizations, operationalizations, and general effects. Studies in Communication and Media, 7(2), 186-207.
    • Haim, M., Graefe, A., & Brosius, H.-B. (2018). Burst of the Filter Bubble? Effects of personalization on the diversity of Google News. Digital Journalism, 6(3), 330-343.
    • Haim, M. & Graefe, A. (2017). Automated news: Better than expected? Digital Journalism, 5(6), 1044-1059. 


  • Ester Appelgren, oktober 2019

    PhD, Senior Lecturer, Södertörn University.


    My research interests focus on two main areas: data journalism and digital integrity. I study working processes, technological processes and organisational processes within media companies, and I have a special focus on media companies in the field of journalism. My research is cross-disciplinary, I believe that my research profile is positioned between journalistic production and media management and even though my research interests are currently twofold, the areas of Data Journalism and Digital Integrity complement each other.

    My studies in Data Journalism started in 2011 when I was the project leader of the Vinnova-funded project, “Databasjournalistik”. One year later, I remained the project manager for the project group, but extended it with a larger consortium and additional funding. The project was named “Datajournalistik”. This two-year project totalling SEK 6 million involved seven media companies (SVT, SR, Aftonbladet, SvD, Helsingborgs Dagblad, Mittmedia and NTM) and the analytics company, Sas Institute. The aim of the project was to develop, test and evaluate methods and tools for data journalism, with the overall objective of increasing knowledge and awareness among journalists and media leaders in Sweden. During and after the project, I published four peer-reviewed journal articles and one more is accepted for publication, five conference papers and five popular science contributions based on the project findings. With mixed methods such as interviews, surveys, network analysis and content analysis, I have studied the development of data journalism from a technological, journalistic and organisational perspective.

    Currently, I cooperate with professor Anna Maria Jönsson at Södertörn University on a study of Environmental data journalism and with associate professor Andreas Widholm at Stockholm University on a study of hard and soft news in data journalism projects.

    My studies in the area of digital integrity are focused on ethical challenges connected to personal data. I am currently one of three researchers in the two-year, Vinnova-funded project, Sjyst data!. We are developing a certification for processes related to the measurement of personal data. This certification will be developed in close cooperation with seven companies and three universities and and the research institute RISE.  My role in this project is to test the boundaries for when the audience considers its integrity online to have been compromised in contrast to the business goals of companies collecting behavioural data and using this data as part of their business models. Theoretically, this is often referred to as the privacy paradox, but it also involves privacy by design. Furthermore, this project is focused on making sense of the change in legislation concerning personal data in the pending data protection regulation, GDPR. The project is a continuation of a previous project (Distinct) that I worked on in 2014 and 2015 and that was also funded by Vinnova. The Distinct project was focused on media consumption, digital integrity and methods to measure consumption. My participation in the two projects has thus far resulted in one peer-reviewed journal article, two book chapters and two conference papers.

    Tittel og abstract

    Journalism and innovation; approaches to data and fact-checking.

    Part 1: A closer look at Nordic fact checkers  

    Fact-checking is a growing global practice where the accuracy of viral claims in the media are openly reviewed by journalists in order to detect false claims. In 2017, as a response to the growth of what is often denoted as fake news, an organization called IFCN (International Fact Checkers Network) was established at the Poynter Institute in the USA. This organization has since empowered fact-checking organizations around the world by establishing a code of principles to guide fact-checking organizations toward best practice, primarily in terms of nonpartisanship, fairness and transparency.

    During this session, Ester Appelgren, Associate Professor of Journalism and one of the 88 international external assessors of the IFCN, presents the code of principles from the perspective of the external assessor. She will show examples of how Nordic Fact Checkers meet the twelve criteria in terms of best practice, but she will also touch on mistakes that can lower the credibility of fact-checking organizations with their audience.

    Part 2: Fellow Focus Seminar: Seven years of Nordic data journalism — pro-innovation bias and critique

    The transition toward a digital media landscape is often said to increase the interaction possibilities for those with access to the web and the needed skills. Seven years ago, data journalism was still in its infancy in Nordic newsrooms. Back then, it was ascribed features such as a high level of interactivity, user participation, multimodality, interconnected processes and more choices for the audiences compared to more static forms of reporting. As the years have passed, data journalism has been recognized as a practice that has changed newsroom culture and journalistic working methods.

    Summarizing the research on data journalism, Hermida and Young (2019) determines that the scholarly attention has mostly revolved around data journalism as a process and seeks to detail the routines, roles, and responsibilities of the actors involved (23). Studies based on content analysis of data journalism have also found that data journalism is a practice that can enhance stories with visualizations while simultaneously enabling journalists to incorporate data sources as primary sources (Stalph 2017).

    The introduction of data journalism in Nordic newsrooms has changed the media landscape and can be viewed as a technological innovation that has brought not only uncertainties but also media leadership to journalism. Today, journalists struggle to remain in control, creating linear pre-packaged content flows rather than providing the interactivity and user participation that data journalism is famous for (Appelgren 2018). Similarly, media leaders consider innovations such as data journalism to be a strength at media companies, even though innovation work may still stand in contrast to the institutional perspective.

    This session focuses on the development of data journalism in the Nordic region from 2011 to the present, from the initial pro-innovation bias that comes with the introduction of something new in the newsroom to the current critique that unsolved challenges still restrain the potential of data journalism as a form of interactive investigative reporting serving democracy.

    Utvalge publikasjoner

    Appelgren, E., & Nygren, G. (2014). Data Journalism in Sweden: Introducing new methods and genres of journalism into “old” organizations. Digital Journalism, 2(3), 394-405.

    Appelgren, E. (2018). An illusion of interactivity: The paternalistic side of data journalism. Journalism Practice, 12(3), 308-325.

    Appelgren, E. (2016). Data Journalists Using Facebook. Nordicom Review, 37(1), 156-169.

    Appelgren, E., & Salaverría, R. (2018). The Promise of the Transparency Culture: A comparative study of access to public data in Spanish and Swedish newsrooms. Journalism Practice, 12(8), 986-996.

    Appelgren, E. (2017). The Reasons Behind Tracing Audience Behavior: A Matter of Paternalism and Transparency. International Journal of Communication, 11, 20.


  • Kristy Hess, september 2019

    Førsteamanuensis ved Deakin University, Australia.


    Dr Kristy Hess is an Associate Professor at Deakin University, Australia who research focuses on the role and place of local media in a digital era. She also examines the geographies of journalism in terms of media's relationship to boundary maintenance, place-making and power.

    She is the co-author of two books  Local Media in the Digital World  (Palgrave) and  Geographies of Journalism: The imaginative power of place  in making digital news (Routledge) and is widely published in leading international journals in media and communications.

    She has won a national award for her role in bridging the teaching/research nexus in journalism theory and practice and is the academic director of the largest industry/university partnership in Australia to educate working journalists in rural and regional areas.  Kristy also serves as associate editor of  Digital Journalism .


    Hess er Fellow ved Digital journalistikk, september 2019.

    This presentation argues for the study of place, space and territory as a necessary trichotomy in studies of journalism in the digital age. Spaces become places when bestowed with meaning or significance by those whom engage with them – that much we have learned from interdisciplinary studies from cultural geography to urban development, media studies, philosophy and sociology.

    Our sense of place, meanwhile, is often strongly associated and linked to physical surroundings, to people, even objects, artifacts and digital sites - it is a deep feeling of comfort, ease and familiarity or a connection we can’t always explain. When such feelings and actions become deeply internalized, there is significant advantage to those whom are considered custodians of or hold influence over such places - in fact particular individuals and institutions, including news media, are expected to perform this role.

    To dominate or hold power in place means we must examine space, place and territory as a necessary trichotomy. It is surprising this has not been as clearly positioned before in the literature on digital journalism, especially given that media territories are being carved out in online spaces at a rapid pace. There are constant symbolic battle lines being drawn by news outlets over their perceived legitimacy to serve, define, patrol, defend or protect their own interests and ultimately those of a given space/place or what we have previously termed as news zones.

    The connection between media and territory has a rich scholarly underpinning, especially when it comes to exploring the news media’s symbolic power to construct reality and our perception of geographic territory, from ideas of nationalism to our ‘sense of community’ that plays out across macro and micro levels of society. It is well documented that news media too can be used as a tool of influence within the political field to relay propaganda in order to reinforce or assert territorial boundaries. At times there can even be tensions between the state and news media in patrolling and defining cultural boundaries within and across geographic territories, especially during moments of crisis such as terrorism or political events like Brexit.

    In this presentation, I will argue, that news media territories emerge when there is a taken for granted assumption that certain media spaces and places are seen to represent collective ideas or values and enact rules, norms and ritualistic behavior, ultimately leading to a binary between insiders and outsiders. For media territories to exist, however, people must believe – albeit subconsciously - that certain media agents have the power to indeed lay claim to such places and spaces.

    Consequently, we must not see territory as natural, but cultural - a social product linked to desire, power, and identity. A media power position is useful here because discussions of space and place raise questions about the organization of media territories themselves, the unevenness and the distances they involve and the moments when media power is contested. It will outline the interdependence between place and media territory, drawing on exemplars from local media and critically engaging with the uber territorial battle between news media and social media juggernaut Facebook over news territory.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    Mer informasjon kommer.

  • Thorsten Quandt, august 2019

    Professor og leder for Online Communication ved Universitetet i Munster.


    Prof. Dr. Thorsten Quandt, Professor of Communication Studies at the University of Münster. He was holding the Chair of Online Communication and Interactive Media at the University of Hohenheim from 2009-2012, where he also served as the Director of the Institute of Communication Studies in 2012. From 2007-2008, he was an Assistant Professor of journalism research at the Free University Berlin, where he also served as a Guest Professor in 2006. Furthermore, he has been working as a lecturer and researcher at various other universities, including the LMU Munich, the Berlin University of the Arts, and the Technical University Ilmenau. He was also a visiting professor at the University of California, Santa Barbara, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford and Stanford University, and a visiting scholar at the Indiana University, Bloomington. He has (co)published more than 100 scientific articles and several books. His work was awarded with several scientific prizes, including various Top Paper Awards and the dissertation award of the DGPuK. He’s currently an Associate Editor of the Journal of Communication, and an Executive Board Member of ECREA. His research and teaching fields include online communication, media innovation research, digital games and journalism.

    Tittel og abstract

    Mer informasjon kommer.

    Quant er Fellow ved Digital journalistikk, august 2019.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    Mer informasjon kommer.

Fellows våren 2019

  • Eddy Borges-Rey, juni 2019

    PhD, Senior Lecturer in Journalism Studies and Associate Dean in the Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of Stirling, UK.


    Eddy Borges-Rey is a Senior Lecturer in Journalism Studies, and the Associate Dean for Research in the Faculty and Arts and Humanities at the University of Stirling. He is also the Programme Director of the MSc. Media and Communications Management in Vietnam (Stirling-Vietnam National University). Overall, his research looks at the interplay between media, technology and power, particularly around issues in Data Journalism, Open Data, Big Data, Social Computation, Critical Data, Code and Algorithm Studies, AI and automation, Freedom of Information, Mobile Journalism, Innovation, Photojournalism, and Data Literacy. He has taught Journalism Studies, Production and Media Studies in Venezuela, Spain, Vietnam and the UK, and as professional he has worked as a journalist, a broadcast producer and PR practitioner for almost 15 years.

    Tittel og abstract

    Data for social change: literacy, champions and communities

    Whilst reports on the marvels and failures of Big data populate the mainstream news agenda, citizens appear to be inadequately equipped to engage on equal terms with governments and corporations in the construction of a reality increasingly modelled by
    informational data. As numeracy, ability to use computers, and digital problem solving tend to be rather limited amongst adults3, a growing need for citizens to be able to understand the dynamics underpinning data is generally unfulfilled. Paradoxically, the idea of citizen empowerment through the use of ICTs remains a key objective in the era of Big data, primarily driven by expectations that new technologies and platforms will facilitate more responsive governments and provide people with access to information that will engender economic growth as well as creative and social fulfilment, especially after the launch of the Open Data Charter at the G8 summit in 2013. Despite the efforts of the G8 governments to open up their data stores for public scrutiny, the techniques and strategies used to filter databases and datasets, identify and isolate noteworthy information from numerical data, and translate mathematical abstractions into insight that informs and reinforces decisions at the different levels of society, remain generally excluded from the education system. National curricula appear to favour instrumental aspects of numeracy (Chevallard, 2013) to the detriment of the more critical approaches to data that are essential for the integral education of individuals living in our increasingly data-centric society. This paper thus seeks to outline a set of challenges that emerge when Big data is not properly contextualised in the delivery of educational strategies for the enhancement of data literacy. In this vein, this paper considers firstly the materiality of computerised data to examine its implications for data literacy. And secondly, it examines how notions of data access, data sampling, data sense-making and data collection are nowadays intermediated or contested by datafied actors and institutions, hindering the capacity of citizens to effectively understand and make better use of the data they generate or engage with. Finally, the paper will examine a number of global case studies where the figure of data champions and data communities is effectively used to counter data illiteracy.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    • Anderson, B. and Borges-Rey, E. (2019). Encoding the UX: User Interface as a Site of Encounter between Data Journalists and Their Constructed Audiences. Digital Journalism, DOI: 10.1080/21670811.2019.1607520
    • Borges-Rey, E., Heravi, B. and Uskali, T. (2018). Periodismo de datos iberoamericano: desarrollo, contestación y cambio social. Presentación. Revista ICONO14 Revista científica de Comunicación y Tecnologías emergentes, 16(2), 1-13.
    • Stalph, F., & Borges-Rey, E. (2018). Data Journalism Sustainability: An outlook on the future of data-driven reporting. Digital Journalism, 6(8), 1078-1089.
    • Borges-Rey, E. (2018). Data journalism as platform: Architecture, agents, protocols. In Eldridge II, S. A. and Franklin, B. The Routledge Handbook of Developments in Digital Journalism Studies. London: Routledge.
    • Borges-Rey, E. (2016). Data literacy and citizenship: Understanding ‘Big data’ to boost teaching and learning in Science and Mathematics. In Ramirez Montoya, M.S. (ed) (2017) Handbook of Research on Driving STEM Learning with Educational Technologies. Pennsylvania: ICI Global
  • Eva Mayerhøffer, juni 2019

    Assistant Professor of Journalism at theDepartment of Communication and Arts, Roskilde Universitet, Denmark.


    Eva Mayerhöffer is Assistant Professor of Journalism at the Department of Communication and Arts, University of Roskilde, where she is also affiliated with the Center for News Research and the Roskilde University Digital Media Lab. She holds a PhD in political communication from Freie Universität Berlin. Her research focuses on journalism cultures, comparative media studies, media and populism, alternative media, right-wing digital news ecologies and the role of elites in political communication.

    Tittel og abstract

    Transnational networking and (dis-)integration among right-wing digital news ecologies in Europe and the US

    The recent rise of a more networked political right-wing throughout Europe and the US has been accompanied by rapid shifts within the news media systems in which they operate and an emerging alternative digital news infrastructure through which information circulates and shared epistemologies are established. This study examines the extent to which a digital information
    environment on the political far-right is interconnected both within and across countries. It further explores which actors form connection nodes integrating this news ecology on a transnational scale. To do so, we investigate intra- and transnational networking structures of right-wing alternative online news sites from six Western democracies (Austria, Germany, US, UK, Denmark, Sweden) as enabled by the Web and social media platforms. Our analysis draws on hyperlink data harvested from 70 hyperpartisan right-wing news sites initially collected via the Media Cloud database, as well as via their respective Twitter feeds (via DMI-TCAT) for a period of 3 months in 2018. We conceptualize hyperlinking between them as a strategic practice of digitally connected organizational actors with the aim to enhance reputation and legitimacy. Through our comparative network analytical approach, we find that linguistic commonalities, geographical and cultural proximity, as well as a domestic political environment prone to ostracize right-wing ideologies are important context factors: In Germany, this seems to foster increased transnational connections, while in the Swedish context, the creation of tight domestic networks can be observed in which actors enhance each other’s visibility. Meanwhile, the US case features the largest and most integrated network, while providing right-wing sites in Germany or Sweden with important external reference points. Apart from direct connections, we also find a secondary network of social media platforms and mainstream news sites that are featured across countries, pointing towards important international focal points integrating this networked right-wing media sphere. (co-authored with Annett Heft, Curd Knüpfer, Susanne Reinhardt, Weizenbaum Institute for the Networked Society Berlin).

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    Heft, A., Mayerhöffer, E., Reinhardt, S. & Knüpfer, C. (forthcoming). Beyond Breitbart. Comparing right-wing digital news infrastructures in Western Democracies. Policy & Internet (under revision).


  • Liliana Bounegru, juni 2019

    New media, digital methods and digital journalism researcher and a postdoctoral research fellow, University of Oxford, UK.


    Liliana Bounegru is a new media, digital methods and digital journalism researcher and a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Oxford. She is affiliated with the Oxford Internet Institute and the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism. She is part of Misinformation, Science and Media, an Oxford Martin School programme that investigates the impact of misinformation campaigns online on the public understanding of technoscientific issues. She is also a researcher at the Digital Methods Initiative (University of Amsterdam), where she previously acted as a Managing Director. She is also a co-founder of the Public Data Lab (, and a research associate at the Sciences Po Paris media lab. Her research interests include digital media, digital culture, digital journalism, inventive methods for new media research, digital methods, infrastructure studies, platform studies, issue mapping and controversy mapping. Her work has been published in New Media & Society, Big Data & Society, Visual Communication and Digital Journalism. She is co-editor of The Data Journalism Handbook (O’Reilly Media, 2012; University of Amsterdam Press, 2019), translated into dozens of languages, and co-investigator of A Field Guide to Fake News and Other Information Disorders, a multi-institutional research collaboration to trace the circulation of political misinformation, junk news and memes online (also available in Japanese).

    Tittel og abstract

    The Infrastructural Uncanny and the Social Life of Junk News Online

    The 2016 US presidential election has brought social media and associated phenomena such as Internet memes, “fake news” and online disinformation under intense media and academic scrutiny. Concerns have been raised about the rapid distribution of this
    problematic content on social media and many technological, media literacy and factchecking solutions have been proposed to curb these worrying dynamics. This talk draws on insights, concepts and approaches from science and technology studies and Internet studies to examine current debates and research around misinformation and “fake news” and challenge some of the assumptions behind them. It argues that “fake news” is not just problematic content whose rapid spread needs to be curbed, but that this phenomenon encapsulates central aspects of our digital environments and thus it provides a good opportunity to study their dynamics. More specifically, it proposes to explore the publics, modes of circulation and tracking networks in which junk news is embedded as an opportunity to reflect on how digital platforms and the dynamics that they engender participate in the production of public (mis)information. This talk draws on Research conducted across several projects with several institutions over the past couple of years, including:

    • A Field Guide to “Fake News” and Other Information Disorders (Public Data Lab): a transnational, multi-institutional research project to understand the role of online misinformation, junk news, memes and trolling practices in past years’ elections in the US and several European countries.
    • Misinformation, Science and Media Programme (Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford): a research project that examines the interplays between social media, news and misinformation campaigns, and their implications for the public understanding of scientific and technological issues, with a particular focus on climate change and artificial intelligence.
    • Beyond Verification: Authentication, Authenticity and the Spread of Fake News (Digital Democracies Group, Simon Fraser University): a multi-institutional research project that aims to generate new knowledge about why and how fake news spreads. By studying the structures that foster fake news, the actions on- and off-line that shape user identity and generate trust, the algorithmic scripts that authenticate and segregate users, and the advertising models that foster outrage, it builds a multi-disciplinary and multi-modal approach to understand the impacts of emerging technologies on society, politics, culture and identity.
    • A Digital Test of Public Facts (Centre of Interdisciplinary Methodologies, University of Warwick): the project investigates the changing nature of public knowledge formation in digital societies and develops inventive methods to capture and visualise knowledge dynamics online.

    Fem utvalgte publikasjoner:

    Gray, J., Bounegru, L., & Venturini, T. (2019). ‘Fake News’ as Infrastructural Uncanny. New Media & Society. In press.

    Bounegru, L., Gray, J., Venturini, T. & Mauri, M. (Co-investigators). (2018). A Field Guide to “Fake News” and Other Information Disorders. Amsterdam: Public Data Lab.

    Gray, J., Gerlitz, C., & Bounegru, L. (2018). Data Infrastructure Literacy. Big Data & Society, 5(2), 1–13.

    Venturini, T., Bounegru, L., Gray, J., & Rogers, R. (2018). A Reality Check(List) for Digital Methods. New Media & Society, 1–23.

    Bounegru, L., Venturini, T., Gray, J., & Jacomy, M. (2017). Narrating Networks: Exploring the Affordances of Networks as Storytelling Devices in Journalism. Digital Journalism, 5(6), 699–730.

  • Edson C. Tandoc Jr., juni 2019

    Førsteamanuensis ved Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information på Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.


    Edson C. Tandoc Jr. (Ph.D., University of Missouri) is an Associate Professor at the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. His research focuses on the sociology of message construction in the context of digital journalism. He has conducted studies on the construction of news and social media messages. His studies about influences on journalists have focused on the impact of journalistic roles, new technologies, and audience feedback on the various stages of the news gatekeeping process. For example, he has done some work on how journalists use web analytics in their news work and with what effects. This stream of research has led him to study journalism from the perspective of news consumers as well, investigating how readers make sense of critical incidents in journalism and take part in reconsidering journalistic norms; and how changing news consumption patterns facilitate the spread of fake news.

    Tittel og abstract

    Tools of Disinformation: What Factors Enable Fake News to Deceive

    The worsening problem with disinformation, aggravated by the influx of fake news online, has prompted institutions around the world to take action. Governments have initiated legislation. News organizations have come together to fight fake news. Other organizations have launched and funded fact-checking initiatives. Technology companies, blamed for the rise of fake news, have also taken action by removing accounts that spread fake news, among other initiatives. And yet ultimately the root of the problem is: What makes people believe in fake news?
    The answer, unfortunately, is not simple. The production and proliferation of fake news is motivated by financial and ideological gains, and initiatives to combat fake news are not likely to stop actors with vested interests from finding new ways to spread fake news and other forms of disinformation. This is why a lot of research has focused on understanding the factors that make individuals prone to being misled by fake news, for these factors are often exploited by those behind the production and proliferation of fake news. Studies have argued that the reach of fake news, at least during the US presidential elections in 2016, was limited, with only a fraction of the population exposed to fake news posts (Allcott & Gentzkow, 2017; Nelson & Taneja, 2018). But for these people who have been fooled by fake news, the effects are real: For example, a man opened fire at a pizzeria in Washington DC on 4 December 2016 after reading a viral and false conspiracy story that identified the pizzeria as the site of an underground child sex ring ran by then presidential candidate Hillary Clinton and her former campaign manager, John Podesta (Lopez, 2016). In India, fake news posts spreading on the messaging app WhatsApp have been blamed for numerous lynching and murders of people wrongfully accused of or misidentified as kidnappers (Frayer, 2018; Safi, 2018). In a small town in Mexico, a 43-year-old man and his 21-year-old nephew were burned to death by a mob responding to a rumour that spread through WhatsApp about child abductors roaming the village (Martinez, 2018). Such unfortunate cases make it imperative for us to understand what makes people believe is false information.
    Drawing from the results of various studies conducted at Nanyang Technological University, this presentation identifies factors that make some individuals prone to believing in fake news. First, a series of focus group interviews and national surveys revealed how Singapore residents define fake news and how they respond to fake news. Second, a series of experiments tested the effects of source credibility as well as popularity cues on the extent to which individuals believe in fake news. Third, a content analysis of fake news articles also identified patterns in terms of language and structure. By bringing these studies together, this presentation identifies the combination of source, audience, and message factors that enable the spread of fake news.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    • Tandoc, E. (2018). Tell me who your sources are: Perceptions of news credibility on social media. Journalism Practice, 1-13. doi:10.1080/17512786.2017.1423237
    • Tandoc, E., Cabañes, J. A., & Cayabyab, Y. M. (2018). Bridging the gap: Journalists’ role orientation and role performance on Twitter. Journalism Studies, 1-15. doi:10.1080/1461670X.2018.1463168
    • Tandoc, E., Jenkins, J., & Craft, S. (2018). Fake news as a critical incident in journalism. Journalism Practice, 1-17. doi:10.1080/17512786.2018.1562958
    • Tandoc, E., Ling, R., Westlund, O., Duffy, A., Goh, D., & Lim, Z. W. (2018). Audiences’ acts of authentication in the age of fake news: A conceptual framework. New Media & Society, 20(8), 2745–2763. doi:10.1177/1461444817731756
    • Tandoc, E., Lim, Z. W., & Ling, R. (2018). Defining “fake news:” A typology of scholarly definitions. Digital Journalism, 6(2), 137-153. doi:10.1080/21670811.2017.1360143


  • Ana Serrano Tellería, april 2019

    Ana Serrano Tellería er assisterende professor ved Fakultet for journalistikk, Universitetet i Castilla La Mancha, Spania.


    Ana Serrano Tellería is Associate Professor at the Journalism Faculty of University of Castilla La Mancha (Spain) and Postdoctoral Researcher in LabCom.IFP at University of Beira Interior (Portugal), DIGIDOC at Pompeu Fabra University (Spain), IN_DIGITAL MEDIA at Carlos III University (Spain) and MESO at San Andrés University (Argentina) and Northwestern University (EEUU). She has focused her research on Cross/Multi /Transmedia Studies; On/Off Line Communication & Journalism; Design & Interfaces; Mobile Devices (& Privacy) and Performative & Visual Arts. She has 75 publications in these fields, and her latest book was ‘Between the Public & Private in Mobile Communication’ (Routledge, 2017). She has obtained relevant national and international grants and several prizes like the Extraordinary Ph.D Award due to the creativity, innovation, relevance and impact of her Ph.D and publications related. She has worked as artist-performer (actress, stage direction), cultural manager, journalist, manager of research and international cooperation projects and media consultant; activities that she keeps carrying on, specially, being consultant for media innovation laboratories. She has two Masters (full grants): Innovation Management; Theatre and Performing Arts. She has been requested as reviewer for SAGE, IGI Global, ICA, IAMCR, etc. She will be a visiting scholar from April-July 2019 at Media Studies Department in the University of Amsterdam.

    Tittel og abstract

    Journalism, Transmedia and Design Thinking (within Mobile Devices)

    Outstanding challenges in Journalism are centred on business models; changing audience’s practices; declining audiences of print sales and the access to media by its homepage; mobile first acclaimed strategies; the ever-changing algorithm parameters of Social Media that directly affect the access and distribution of media content; the increase relevance of personalization in content and channel distribution – mobile applications, podcasts, messages, newsletters, etc. (Doctor, 2016; Hazard Owen, 2016; Lichterman, 2016); the inherent and outstanding differences between media ecologies, ambient and technological environments (Wang, 2016); the need to recover core values of journalism like ethics, quality, credibility and transparency, in relation to start-ups, crowdsourcing and entrepreneurial successful initiatives; the notion of ‘news as a product’ (Bilton, 2016); and the balance between ad-blocking, native and sponsored advertising and content.

    Thus, essential individual traits, skills and mind-set, the future of journalism is foreseen in the form of professionals who (alone or in collaboration) are able to monetise content in innovative ways, connect to its publics in interactive new formats, grasps opportunities and respond to (and shape), its environment. Then, the abilities needed are: Produce on multiple platforms, understand the economics, build your brand, master match (filter, organize), clean and copy (curate), learn basic coding, know your audience and engage on social media (Albeanu, 2015; García, 2015b; Gourarie, 2015; Harding, 2015; Kramer, 2015; Klein, 2015; Levin, 2015; Parker, 2015; Peer, 2015; Powers, 2015; Rajan, 2015; Stern, 2015; Sterns, 2015). In this sense, transmedia narratives for journalism is an emerging field work in progress with enormous potential ahead.

    By adapting the Design Thinking approach to the journalism field, this research project aims to introduce a new way of examining journalism that allow to capture the affective, paradoxical and spontaneous features (Deuze, Witschge; 2015) of the emerging initiatives and the digital, mobile and online ecosystems as well as capturing the holistic experience of the user experience because it employs the principles of design both to the physical process as well as to the way of thinking to solve extraordinarily and persisting difficult challenges in a system of organizations. In the Media Life (Deuze, 2012), the Design Thinking approach would capture the specific aspects and features related to the interface design and the creation of content, genres, formats and models; the affective and rational considerations and descriptions of the media as artefacts, activities and arrangements as well as the user behaviour between actions and affordances, animations and performances (Serrano Tellería, 2016). Therefore, this approach would capture the specific aspects and features related to outstanding differences between the media ecologies and its technological environments.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner











  • Scott Eldrige II, mars 2019

    Assisterende professor ved Senter for medier- og journalistikkstudier, Rijksuniversitetet Groningen.

    Fellow ved Digital journalistikk, mars 2019.

  • Avery E. Holton, mars 2019

    Vice President's Clinical and Translational Research Scholar i Avdeling for kommunikasjon, Universitetet i Utah, USA.


    Avery E. Holton is a Vice President's Clinical and Translational Research Scholar in the Department of Communication at the University of Utah, where his research navigates the intersections of digital and social media, news and information, and constructs of health and identity.

    He concurrently serves as the Undergraduate Journalism Sequence Coordinator in the University of Utah's Department of Communication as well as the Student Media Advisor for the University. He also serves as an appointed Humanities Scholar, working with first year students as they transition from high school into Humanities courses at the university.

    He was named a 2018 National Humanities Center Fellow for his work in the area of genetic information and its translation into digital and social media. This work is part of a larger collaborative project run through the Utah Center for Excellence in ELSI Research (UCEER), which is supported by a $3.8 million grant from the National Institutes of Health and the National Human Genome Research Institute.

    Dr. Holton's research has appeared in more than 60 journal articles and book chapters and has been presented as more than 80 studies at national and international conferences. His work has been published in Communication Theory, Mass Communication & Society, Journalism Studies, and Health Communication, among others, helping him earn Faculty Researcher of the Year in 2014 at the University of Utah and the 2018 Rising Star in the Humanities Award at Utah.

    His courses focus on digital and social media, innovative technology, and Journalism. He previously collaborated on an H2 Honors Fellowship with Dr. Sean Lawson, helping construct and teach multiple courses in the University of Utah's Honor College centered on drones and emerging technology.

    He joined the University of Utah in 2013 after completing his doctoral dissertation as a William Powers Fellow in the College of Communication at the University of Texas Austin. He holds a Doctor of Philosophy for his work on social media and health communication as well as a Doctoral Certification for his work on disabilities studies.


    Contemporary journalism in an exchanging arena: innovation and management as essential research basics

    We intend during the visiting period to present the recent researches in progress in our research group COM+ established at University of Sao Paulo - USP, Brazil and offer a brief panorama over the Brazilian and Latin America digital journalism arena. Our broad intent is to develop a continuous relation among OsloMet and USP research groups. A set of academic activities were planned to support the exchanging program and future researches: innovations in digital journalism, media management processes, audience behavior and information consumption in a social network/media arena, and Research methods multiplicity and the communication field.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    • Belair-Gagnon, V. & Holton, A. E. (2018).  Boundary work, interloper media, and analytics in the newsroom. Digital Journalism. (in press)
    • Coddington, M., Lewis, S. C., & Holton, A. E. (2018).  Measuring and evaluating reciprocal journalism as a concept. Journalism Studies.
    • Holton, A. E. & Molyneux, L. (2017).  Identity lost? The personal impact of brand journalism. Journalism, 18 (2), 195-210.
    • Holton, A. E. (2016).  Intrapreneurial informants: An emergent role of freelance journalists . Journalism Practice , 10 (7), 917-927
    • Holton, A. E. , Lewis, S. C. & Coddington, M. (2016).  Interacting with audiences: Journalistic role conceptions, reciprocity, and perceptions about participation. Journalism Studies , 17 (7), 849-859.
  • Valerie Belair-Gagnon, mars 2019

    Assisterende professor ved journalistikkstudiene, og direktør for Minnesota Journalism Center ved Hubbard School of Journalism and Mass Communication, Universitetet i Minnesota, USA.


    Valerie Belair-Gagnon is Assistant Professor of Journalism Studies and Director of the Minnesota Journalism Center at the Hubbard School of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Minnesota. She is also an affiliated fellow at the Yale Information Society Project and affiliated with the Department of Sociology at the University of Minnesota.

    Prior to that, she was Executive Director and Research Scholar at the Yale Information Society Project and a fellow at the Tow Center for the study of digital journalism at the Columbia University School of Journalism.

    Dr. Belair-Gagnon published Social Media at BBC News (Routledge, 2015, paperback since 2017) and has been published in Digital Journalism , Journalism , Mobile Media and Communication , and Social Media + Society , among others. She has written for wider publics outside of academia such as in Nieman Journalism Lab, Columbia Journalism Review, BBC, and Medium, among others.

    She has also presented her work at the International Communication Association annual meeting, South by Southwest, the Online News Association, the International Journalism Festival in Perugia, among others. Her works has also appeared in international outlets including Le Devoir , Daily Mail UK , Silicon India News, The Star Tribune , and MediaShift, among others.

    Dr. Belair-Gagnon’s courses focuses on digital and social media, innovative technology, and journalism. She has served on the undergraduate affairs committee, graduate affairs committee and multiple departmental and College of Liberal Arts committees.


    Recent years have seen a boom in media and communication studies exploring the expanding boundaries of journalism, particularly in addressing how a variety of digital actors are negotiating their boundaries with those of traditional journalism.

    The contours of professional journalism have substantially changed since the emergence of the internet, allowing for users not necessarily considered to be professional journalists to commit acts of journalism and be embedded in journalistic processes. From bloggers, whistleblowers, and coders to web analytics professionals and data analysis specialists, these actors have shed light on the changing practice, economics, epistemologies, norms, and ethics of the profession.

    To explore the changing processes of journalism, scholars have borrowed from sociological concepts, such as boundary maintenance or gatekeeping, as a way to re-define the contours of journalism as a profession, analyzing what journalism is and what it aims to achieve in society, with particular emphasis on journalists and how particular sets of strangers are coordinating their roles within news production.

    For example, Scott Eldridge (2018) argued that distinct sets of media outsiders, or “interlopers”, have driven fundamental changes in journalism norms and practices over the last several decades. Authors (date) further argued that such interlopers could be categorized as implicit or explicit interlopers or intralopers based on their perceived positions within the news process as well as their acts of journalism.

    Building on these and other studies addressing the role of non-traditional actors in journalism, this conceptual piece takes a different approach in seeking to understand how these individuals (and groups, in some cases) have been committing acts of journalism (or as Sue Robinson (2014) wrote “acts of news”), and how they may be changing journalistic practice, economics, epistemologies, norms, and ethics.

    This presentation borrows from recent work that have addressed how these strangers may be changing journalism (e.g., Authors, date; Eldridge, 2018). It asks more specifically: What are the underlying strangers’ practices that anchor their participation in journalism practice, economics, epistemology, norms and ethics? And how can we conceptualize how these strangers come to coordinate acts of journalism within the profession?

    In doing so, this presentation first situates strangers’ acts of journalism within journalistic practice, economics, epistemologies, norms, and ethics from a transnational perspective. Then, it considers these acts as part of the networked news system. The paper then proceeds by offering the argument that media and communication scholars should work to conceptualize these non-traditional journalism actors less by their self-perceptions or by labels placed on them and more by the acts of journalism they commit.

    Collectively, they should also be considered as part of a transnational information flow that is fundamentally changing the news process. This article has practical implications as it provides a starting point for the delineation of these actors, their acts of journalism, and their position within the news process and journalism more broadly. Conceptually, this presentation develops a vocabulary that would allow the recognition of acts of journalism on the part of non-traditional journalism actors in the changing profession of journalism with implications on news and information ecology.

    *This paper is written in collaboration with Professor Avery Holton, University of Utah

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    • Belair-Gagnon, V. 2015. Social Media at BBC News: Re-Making Crisis Reporting. New York: Routledge.
    • Belair-Gagnon, V. and Holton, A. 2018. Boundary Work, Interloper Media, And Analytics in Newsrooms: An analysis of the Roles of Web Analytics Companies in News Production. Digital Journalism.
    • Holton, H. and Belair-Gagnon, V. 2018. Strangers to the Game: Interloper, Intraloper and Shifting News Production. Media and Communication. 2018. 6, 4
    • Belair-Gagnon, V., Owen, T., and Holton, A. 2017. UAVs and Journalism Disruption: Perspectives from Early Professional Adopters. Digital Journalism.
    • Belair-Gagnon, V., Agur, C., and Frisch, N. 2017. The Changing Physical and Social Environment of Newsgathering: A Case Study of Foreign Correspondents Using Chat Apps during Unrest. Social Media + Society.​


  • Stefan Baack, mars 2019

    Stefan Baack er Research and Data Analyst for Mozilla Foundation.


    Stefan Baack’s research is broadly interested in how the growing quantification of social life intersects with democratic practices and visions. In his dissertation, he studied how data journalists and civic tech activists use and imagine data; and examined how the growing reliance on data across different sectors in society has created new entanglements between journalism and civil society. After his MA at the University of Bremen (Germany), he did his PhD at the Centre for Media and Journalism Studies at the University of Groningen (Netherlands). After his PhD, he worked as an associate researcher at the Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society and as a research fellow at the Weizenbaum Institute. Recently, he started to work as a research and data analyst for the Mozilla Foundation.

    Tittel og abstract

    Understanding journalism without boundaries: The interlocking practices between data journalism and civic tech

    It is largely acknowledged that the news-making-process is shaped by “networked forces…that span multiple professional identities” (Ananny and Crawford 2015, 192–93). However, research rarely considers the reciprocal relationship between journalists and others: primarily, what is being researched are the effects of ‘outsiders’ on journalists, not whether and how journalists affect those outsiders as well. In this presentation, I will present findings from my research about the entanglements between data journalism and civic tech to argue that we need concepts and metaphors that better grasp journalism as a dynamic set of practices that crosses organizational and institutional boundaries.

    Civic technologists and data journalists are closely entangled with each other thanks to their shared reliance on data, overlapping skills, complementary ambitions, as well as institutional and financial support from organizations like the Knight Foundation. Using a qualitative, multi-methodological approach, I show that we can understand the entanglements between them in terms of interlocking practices. Their practices exist along a shared continuum that oscillates between facilitating (enabling others to take action themselves) and gatekeeping (being impactful and steer public debates). Depending on how much emphasis data journalists or civic technologists put on either facilitating or gatekeeping, we can identify different groups across organizational and institutional settings. Additional research comparing the relationship between data journalism and civic tech in Africa and Europe further shows how data journalists or civic technologists mutually shape each other (Cheruiyot et al. forthcoming). In contexts where data journalism is less established, civic tech organizations tend to engage more in practices of gatekeeping, while in contexts where civic tech organizations are absent, journalists might engage more in practices of facilitating.

    Rather than occupying distinct fields that only occasionally interact with each other around boundary objects or within special trading zones, the results show that civic technologists and data journalists continuously affect each other. Understanding how the practices of journalists are interlocking with other actors in these ways illustrates the need for a more holistic approach to the study of journalism in general, one that not only looks at professional journalists, but more broadly at the larger actor-constellations in which journalists are embedded.


    Ananny, Mike, and Kate Crawford. 2015. “A Liminal Press.” Digital Journalism 3 (2): 192–208.

    Cheruiyot, David, Baack, Stefan & Ferrer-Conill, Raul. Forthcoming 2019. “Data journalism beyond legacy media: The case of African and European civic technology organizations”. Digital Journalism.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    • Baack, S., Ferrer-Conill, R. & Cheruiyot, D. (November 2018). Peripheral entanglements. How civic tech and data journalism expand and cement journalistic discourses and practices. ECREA 2018 conference, Lugano.
    • Baack, S. (September 2018). Data journalism and its blurry boundaries: the relationship between data journalists and civic technologists. SciCAR conference, 2018, Dortmund.
    • Baack, S. (June 2018). Leaking: Nur Strohfeuer, oder Ausdruck einer nachhaltigen Veränderung im Journalismus? (~Leaking: One hit wonders or expressions of enduring changes in journalism?). Presentation at the workshop ‘#krassmedial: Gute Daten, schlechte Daten’ organized by the German trade union ver.di, Berlin.
    • Cheruiyot, D., Ferrer-Conill, R. & Baack, S. (May 2018). Fact-checking and journalistic discourse. The perceived influence of data driven non-profits in Africa. Paper presented at the ICA 2018 conference, Prague.
    • Baack, S. (November 2016): Structuring Civic Engagement Through Data: How Civic Tech Is Shaping Citizenship. Paper presented at the ECREA 2016 conference, Prague.
    • Baack, S. (October 2016). Civic tech: Restructuring publics through data. Panel submission, presented at the AoIR 2016 conference, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. See Baack, S., Velkova, J., Kubitschko, S., Ferrer, R., & Handler, R. (2017). Acting through technology: The proliferation of open source practices and its consequences. AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research.
    • Baack, S. (June 2015). Civic hacking: Re-Imagining Civic Engagement in Datafied Publics. Paper presented at the Data Power conference, University of Sheffield.
  • Raul Ferrer-Conill, januar 2019

    PhD, førsteamanuensis ved institutt for medier- og kommunikasjonsstudier, Karlstad universitet.


    Raul Ferrer-Conill is a senior lecturer in the department of Media and Communication Studies at Karlstad University. His dissertation examines the uses of gamification in digital news outlets (expected graduation early fall 2018). He has published his work in  Journalism Studies ,  Digital Journalism , and  Television and New Media , among others. His current research interests cover digital journalism, gamification, native advertising, and processes of datafication.


    Digital journalism is often concerned with novelty. New revenue models, new production dynamics, new ways to engage with the audience. Accordingly, digital journalism scholarship tends to trace lines of inquiry that respond to the fervent and rapid changes of its object of study. In an effort to better portray the contours of change within digital news media, it is perhaps more fruitful to focus on the entanglements between the past, the present, and the future of journalism.

    In this presentation, I discuss three research projects on three “new” trends in digital journalism: native advertising, algorithms, and gamification. These trends are adopted by news organizations as part of an overarching effort to explore the future of news. Such a broad and institutionally driven attempt to figure out how journalism will operate in the years to come assumes that these trends are new, technologically enabled, and potentially profitable. In this talk, however, I critically present these “new trends” against a historical drop. Contextualizing these trends allows for gaining a deeper understanding on the construction, adoption, and eventual outcome of such trends in digital journalism.

    First, I discuss native advertising, a monetizing model that has been widely adopted in news organizations in practically all Western countries, as a way to find new sources of revenues. Based on complex design and layout compositions, native advertising proposes a type of “shiny camouflage” that both signals and disguises advertising as editorial content. This is, of course, only a new iteration of old-fashioned infomercials and advertorials. However, placed in digital interfaces, they have achieved higher commercial success than most alternative digital formats. For digital journalism scholarship, native advertising raises questions of trust, legitimacy, and editorial autonomy.

    Second, I focus on the role that algorithms have had in newsrooms in recent years. While the image of a robotic reporter writing news has become an iconic figure in the social imaginary, fully automated news production is still distant. Algorithmic filtering of news agencies newsreels, automated audio extraction, or the automated annotation of metadata for SEO purposes are vital micro-processes in the newsroom that, while automated, still require the interaction of a newsworker. The automation of news production needs to be understood as a continuum in which smaller processes are increasingly suited with algorithmic power and in which the journalist intervenes in various degrees. I argue for addressing the trend to increase the automation of control of news production as a way to rationalize the relationship between news organizations, newsworkers, and technological innovation.

    Finally, I turn to gamification, defined as the use of game thinking and game design techniques in non-gaming contexts. It has been widely implemented in digital services as an attempt to attract and increase user engagement. This type of persuasive technology focuses on tracking, quantifying, and individualizing behavior, placing the user at the center of the news experience. Blurring the boundaries between games and news raises questions about the long-lasting normative separation of entertainment and news, and how it is slowly fading.

    This presentation engages with some of the current debates in digital journalism research, such as the focus on novelty, technology, and audience-orientation.

    Utvalgte publikasjoner

    • Ferrer-Conill, R. (2018). Gamifying the news: Exploring the introduction of game elements into digital journalism . Karlstad University Press.
    • Cheruiyot, D. & Ferrer-Conill, R. (2018). Fact-checking Africa. Searching for truth through data journalism. Digital Journalism, Advance Online Publication. DOI: 10.1080/21670811.2018.1493940
    • Ferrer-Conill, R. & Tandoc, E. (2018). The audience-oriented editor. Making sense of the audience in the newsroom. Digital Journalism, 6:4, 436-453 . DOI: 10.1080/21670811.2018.1440972
    • Ferrer-Conill, R. (2017). Quantifying journalism? A study on the use of data and gamification to motivate journalists. Television and New Media, 18:8, 706-720. DOI: 10.1177/1527476417697271
    • Ferrer-Conill, R. (2016). Camouflaging church as state: An exploratory study of journalism’s native advertising. Journalism Studies, 17:7 , 904-914 . DOI: 10.1080/1461670X.2016.1165138


Fellows 2018

  • Ori Tenenboim, December 2018

    Forsker ved Center for Media Engagement og doktorgradskandidat på School of Journalism ved University of Texas at Austin, USA.

    Fellow ved Digital journalistikk, desember 2018.


    Co-Constructing Journalistic Knowledge with the Audience: A Case Study of Sustained Reciprocity

    By engaging with journalists in the networked media environment, audiences can play a role in shaping the epistemologies of journalism: how journalists know what they know, and communicate knowledge claims. While audiences have been offered opportunities to engage in news-production processes, ongoing reciprocal relationships between journalists and audiences online are rare. This research presentation will show how sustained reciprocity—mutual exchanges that occur continuously over time (Lewis, Holton, & Coddington, 2014)—takes place in a large-scale WhatsApp group opened by an Israeli journalist/blogger for her audience. Based on a study with Neta Kligler-Vilenchik (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), I will demonstrate how a continuous conversation between the journalist and her loyal audience members across the news-production process allows a continuous co-construction of journalistic knowledge. I will also discuss how such a conversation may help advance news literacy through collective interpretation and evaluation of news-related content. The online space that affords ongoing reciprocal exchanges is termed a meso-newspace, occurring between the private and public realms. The study and the presentation are intended to contribute to understanding how sustained reciprocity can be accomplished and how it can promote shared benefits for journalists and community members.


    Ori Tenenboim is a doctoral candidate in the School of Journalism and a research associate with the Center for Media Engagement at the University of Texas at Austin. His research interests center on digital journalism, political communication, and media economics. Tenenboim examines how journalists and news organizations hybridize older and newer behaviors, norms and forms in different political and cultural contexts. He also investigates factors that contribute to different types of user engagement (e.g., commenting and sharing) with news-related content and political messages in the digital media environment. His work has been published in Journalism: Theory, Practice & Criticism, International Journal of Communication, Digital Journalism, and Journalism Practice. Tenenboim previously worked in the Israeli news industry, serving as the head of the news desk and a news editor at "Walla," a popular website. His last position at "Walla" was editing a mini website that provided political coverage and analysis for the 2013 general elections in Israel.

    Related publications

    Kligler-Vilenchik, N. &  TenenboimO. (Forthcoming). Sustained journalist-audience reciprocity in a meso-newspace: The case of a journalistic WhatsApp group. New & Media & Society .

    TenenboimO . (2017). Reporting war in 140 characters: How journalists used Twitter during the 2014 Gaza-Israel conflict. International Journal of Communication , 11 , 3497–3518. doi:1932–8036/20170005

    Chyi, H. I. & TenenboimO . (2017). Reality check: Multiplatform newspaper readership in the United States, 2007–2015. Journalism Practice , 11 (7), 798–819. doi:10.1080/17512786.2016.1208056

    Manosevitch, I. & TenenboimO . (2017). The multifaceted role of user-generated content in news websites: An analytical framework. Digital Journalism , 5 (6), 731–752.doi:10.1080/21670811.2016.1189840

    TenenboimO . & Cohen, A. A. (2015). What prompts users to click and comment: A longitudinal study of online news. Journalism: Theory, Practice & Criticism , 16 (2), 198–217. doi:10.1177/1464884913513996

  • Nikki Usher, December 2018

    Amanuensis ved School of Media and Public Affairs ved The George Washington University, og gjestende amanuensis ved Universitetet i Illinois (Urbana-Champaign) sitt College of Media.

    Fellow ved Digital journalistikk, desember 2018.


    The Place of News: Theorizing Beyond a Construct and The Case of Washington Political Journalism

    This presentation will preview a forthcoming book that focuses on the role of place in journalism, previewing a theoretical extension and a case study.

    When journalism studies research has looked at place, it has generally been from the perspective of how journalists create and shape the places around them. The conceit of the presentation (and forthcoming book, under contract with Columbia UP) is to flip the scholarship and the question around: how does place create journalism? Theoretically, place is discussed as both an actor/agent in the process of news construction, creating boundaries and opportunities for journalists. Place is also socially constructed, and the presentation will discuss some of the ways in which journalists engage with their built environments and their geographical locales when thinking about their work and when ultimately engaging in the routines of newswork. Drawing heavily from human geography and critical sociology, the project extends theory about place to journalism studies, and in doing so, provides a new schema for journalistic epistemology drawing from concepts of place. The role of place in making news is investigated through five different ways of thinking about place: place as a physical setting where life is lived and cultural meaning is enacted, place as structure that shapes, structures, and controls agency, place as a phenomenological, place as resource/capital, and place as scale.

    This talk will bring to the forefront the importance of thinking about how the affordances of place influence how journalists do their work—from how they come to decide what counts as news to the very resources that enable them to do their work. The talk will also apply this theoretical extension to a case study of regional DC journalists, or journalists who come to Washington to cover news for their “hometown” newspaper. The position of these journalists in the wider political news ecosystem is increasingly fragile, particularly as the newspapers who employ them cut back on costs, with the DC bureau seen as an easy cut when wire stories or national coverage can conceivable replace the content of these reporters. Through fieldwork conducted in the US Senate press gallery and of the US Congress, 18 interviews with DC journalists, and a cultural capital analysis of the 90 correspondents who remain in this position after cutbacks, the talk explores the nature of place as practice. When thinking about place as practice, then, I look at that intersection between the individual and the socio-structural level, invoking the idea of Bourdieu’s habitus – in this sense, someone’s tastes and dispositions, their cultural capital, their class status, their education, and more generally, the place that they occupy within the larger field of power. It is my contention that these regional journalists serve as perhaps the last crucial link between what goes on in Washington and what goes on back home, the actual embodiment of the bridge between beltway and heartland.

    There are three key concerns to think about how the place of Washington enables the practice of regional journalism. First, and most obviously, being in Washington allows regional journalists to witness and to watchdog from a first-hand vantage point that comes from being there. Second, there is also a more subtle way in which these regional journalists serve a critical and likely unreplaceable within the larger national political news ecology—as the stories and scandals filter up from regional journalists to national concerns. Third, there is the unique relationship that these regional journalists have with their elected officials, which generally results in greater access and more specific attention than the opportunities journalists working with national outlets get to have. Through this case, I aim to show how place can be thought of as practice and underscore the importance of centering place at the crux of our analysis of newsmaking.


    Nikki Usher, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor at The School of Media and Public Affairs at The George Washington University and a visiting associate professor at The University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign) in the College of Media. Her research focuses on news production in the changing digital environment, blending insights from media sociology and political communication. Her first book, Making News at The New York Times (University of Michigan Press, 2014) was the first booklength study of the US’s foremost newspaper in the Internet era and won the Tankard Award, a national book award from the Association for Education and Mass Communication in Journalism. Her second book, Interactive Journalism: Hackers, Data, and Code (University of Illinois Press, 2016), focused on the rise of programming and data journalism, and was a finalist for the Tankard Award, making Usher the first solo author to be a two-time finalist. She has been a fellow at the Tow Center for Digital Journalism at Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism and a fellow at the Reynold's Institute at the University of Missouri. She is the winner of the AEJMC Emerging Scholar Award and was named the Lillian Lodge Kopenhaver Outstanding Junior Scholar, in addition to joining the Kopenhaver Center as a leadership fellow. She is a frequent commentator on the evolving news media landscape, serving as an expert source for journalists, and, on occasion, writes commentary for industry-facing and popular press outlets. Usher received her Ph.D. and MA from the University of Southern California's Annenberg School for Communication and her AB from Harvard ( magna cum laude ).

    Related publications

    Usher, N. (2016).  Interactive news: Hackers, data, and code.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  (first chapter:

    Usher, N. (2014).  Making news at The New York Times.  Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. ( open access ).

    Usher, N., Holcomb, J., and Littman, J. (2018).  Twitter makes it worse: Political journalists, gendered echo chambers, and the amplification of gender bias.  International Journal of Press Politics ,  17 (1), 100–21.

    Usher, N. (2018).  Re-thinking trust in the news: A material approach through “objects of journalism.” Journalism Studies, 19 (4), 564-578.

    Usher, N. (2017).  Venture-backed news startups and the field of journalism: Challenges, changes, and consistencies.  Digital Journalism, 5 (9), 1116-1133

  • Seth Lewis, October 2018

    Grunnlegger av Shirley Papé Chair in Emerging Media ved School of Journalism and Communication, Universitetet i Oregon.

    Fellow ved Digital journalistikk, oktober 2018.


    Making Sense of Who and What do Journalism

    As a variety of social, political, economic, and technological influences reshape the media environment for news production and circulation, fundamental questions such as “what is journalism?” and “who is a journalist?” have become more pressing. These are questions of boundaries—of determining how journalism comes to be demarcated from non-journalism, journalists from non-journalists, and so on.

    Moreover, in an era of algorithms, automation, and artificial intelligence, these are also questions of human-machine dynamics—where people and computational processes intersect in determining how information is produced, circulated, and received. In this talk, I will explore a series of interdisciplinary concepts for making sense of the “social” and the “technical” in contemporary journalism, altogether considering how changing definitions, forms of work, and types of actors contribute to new understandings of news and who (or what) make it happen. In particular, I will focus on the distinct contributions of three conceptual approaches: boundaries, agents, and worlds.

    First, the boundary work concept from sociology and science and technology studies illuminates questions of what qualifies as journalism and who qualifies as a journalist.

    Second, we can strengthen analyses of boundary contests by acknowledging the role of “agents”—that is, key social actors as well as technological actants that together are enrolled in the activities of cross-media news work, or the making and moving of information in a digitally networked environment.

    Third, we can extend these ideas further by applying the notion of “art worlds,” famously introduced by Howard Becker in 1982, to the study of “worlds” of media work—or, in this case, the worlds of ambient, data, and algorithmic forms of journalism, each with particular yet inter-related types of coordination, conventions, and status conferral.

    Ultimately, by bringing together these concepts, we can point to opportunities for strengthening the study of digital journalism at macro, meso, and micro levels of concern, spanning the institutional, organizational, and individual levels of concern.


    Seth C. Lewis , PhD, is the founding holder of the Shirley Papé Chair in Emerging Media in the School of Journalism and Communication at the University of Oregon. Before joining Oregon in 2016, he wasAssociate Professor and Mitchell V. Charnley Faculty Fellow in the School of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Minnesota–Twin Cities. He has also held appointments as Visiting Fellow of Yale Law School’s  Information Society Project and Visiting Scholar in  Science, Technology & Society at Stanford University.

    His award-winning research explores the social implications of media technologies for the dynamics of media work and innovation, particularly in the case of journalism and its digital transformation. His present work focuses on three areas: the interplay of humans and machines in news, such as in the rise of artificial intelligence and automation in journalism; the role of reciprocity in the changing dynamics among journalists, audiences, and communities; and the social dimensions of journalism and its boundaries. Drawing on a variety of disciplines, theories, and methods, Lewis has published some 50 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters, covering a range of sociotechnical phenomena—from big data, coding, and open-source software, to social media, APIs, and digital audience analytics.

    Lewis is a two-time winner of the International Communication Association’s award for Outstanding Article of the Year in Journalism Studies—in 2016 for the article “Actors, Actants, Audiences, and Activities in Cross-Media News Work: A Matrix and a Research Agenda” (co-authored with Oscar Westlund), and in 2013 for “The Tension Between Professional Control and Open Participation: Journalism and its Boundaries,” as well as an honourable mention distinction in 2014 for “Open Source and Journalism: Toward New Frameworks for Imagining News Innovation.”

    He edited a 2015 special issue of the international peer-reviewed journal Digital Journalism on the subject of “ Journalism in an Era of Big Data,” co-edited the 2015 book Boundaries of Journalism: Professionalism, Practices and Participation (published by Routledge), and his 2012 co-authored article on journalists’ use of Twitter is the most-cited article in the 16-year history of Journalism Studies .

    Lewis is on the editorial board of  New Media & Society,  the top-ranked journal in Communication (according to Google Scholar), as well as the editorial boards of  Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly ,  Social Media + Society ,   and Digital Journalism , among others. He reviews grant proposals for funding agencies internationally, and gives invited lectures at a number of leading universities.

    Beginning as a 16-year-old reporter for his local newspaper, Lewis previously worked as a journalist for several news organizations, including as Assistant Sports Editor at The Miami Herald . He holds a B.A. from Brigham Young University, an M.B.A. from Barry University, and a Ph.D. from the University of Texas at Austin.

  • Elisabeth Saad, October 2018

    Forsker og konsulent i digital kommunikasjon og medier, seniorforeleser og professor ved School of Communications and Arts, Universitetet i Sao Paulo, Brazil.

    Fellow ved Digital journalistikk,  oktober 2018.


    Contemporary journalism in an exchanging arena: innovation and management as essential research basics


    We intend during the visiting period to present the recent researches in progress in our research group COM+ established at University of Sao Paulo - USP, Brazil and offer a brief panorama over the Brazilian and Latin America digital journalism arena. Our broad intent is to develop a continuous relation among OsloMet and USP research groups. A set of academic activities were planned to support the exchanging program and future researches: innovations in digital journalism, media management processes, audience behavior and information consumption in a social network/media arena, and Research methods multiplicity and the communication field.


    Elizabeth Saad (Beth Saad) is researcher and consultant in digital communications and media, senior lecturer and professor at the School of Communications and Arts at USP - University of Sao Paulo, Brazil and international speaker. She has a degree in Business Administration from FEA-USP, a PhD in Communication Sciences from ECA-USP and visiting professor at the University of Grenoble, France, by the UNESCO Chair in International Communication and at the University of Minho, Portugal. Currently she coordinates the research group COM + developing different applied researches in digital journalism and digital communication. She teaches and directs the post-graduation program in Communication Sciences at USP. She is the author and organizer of the books "Digital media strategies: information, communication and journalism", 2013, "Information curation and the field of communication", 2015, "Trends in Digital Communication Volumes 1 and 2" - 2016 and 2017, "Visibility and consumption of information in social networks", 2016. In addition, it has more than a hundred articles published in indexed journals and in the media in general.

  • Robert (Ted) Gutsche Jr., October 2018

    Seniorforeleser i Critical Media Practice, Lancaster University.

    Fellow ved Digital journalistikk, oktober 2018.


    Journalism(s) of the Future: Understanding Today and Tomorrow

    Through Intersections of Futurology and Digital Journalism Studies What are the futures of digital journalism? This question is posed with specific scenes in mind: Imagine journalists working within a Blade Runner environment of dead farmland and neon cityscapes. It is a dystopic setting of the world’s future, information blasting through adverts, control and order issued through policing and visuals of the “real” and “artificial.” Now, picture roving robot reporters navigating technological bastions of advanced societies within Black Panther’s Wakanda. Commentary on power of racialized landscapes and connections of technology, and globalization, these spaces also hold forms of communicating nationalism, traditionalism, and identities of the “outside world.” How do journalists work in these visions of tomorrow – or in the technologically advanced present of the Marvel universe? We don’t need fiction to imagine the future in which journalism will (or may?) exist. Today’s journalism is already molded and delivered through wearable technologies. Time compression through social media and data collection have altered means and measures of journalistic interpretation and creation. Increased surveillance by governments and corporations shape what and how journalists interrogate everyday life, approved behaviors, and social undesirables. Scenes from today’s films that position us in possible futures are simply starting Points for how we question what our futures might look like.

    We don’t need fiction to imagine the future in which journalism will (or may?) exist. Today’s journalism is already molded and delivered through wearable technologies. Time compression through social media and data collection have
    altered means and measures of journalistic interpretation and creation. Increased surveillance by governments and corporations shape what and how journalists interrogate everyday life, approved behaviors, and social undesirables. Scenes
    from today’s films that position us in possible futures are simply starting points for how we question what our futures might look like. Futures Studies, particularly in Sociology, live alongside motilities research and science and technology studies (STS), as well as social theories of time. Together,these voices of the future (and of the past future) operate to position solutions of and for challenges of today within a realm of future outcomes of today’s Choices and investments in tomorrow (Urry, 2016). Such scholarship does not seek to determine what “actually will be” but addresses what might result from overt planning of today for tomorrow by governments, collectives, and individuals. In journalism, questions emerge from the use of problematic social media platforms, pushing and pulling user information, economic models, and uses of VR and AI technologies. Specifically, then, this project addresses how we prepare for our futures of journalism by asking:

    • “What will journalism look like in post-human futures beyond Our lifetimes?”
    • “What will trust look like in relationships between audiences and journalists in an age of AI and crafted scenes of immersive storytelling via VR and AR?”
    • “What ethics are involved in new technologies that could be shared or controlled on global scales and by which journalists collect and distribute information?”
    • “How can we even predict journalistic futures, and why should we?” This scholarship questions how the processes of digital journalism and related cultural and social changes associated with journalistic institutional values, issues of power, access, and representation today might play into where digital journalism goes from here and in worlds we might not be able to imagine.


    Robert E Gutsche Jr (PhD, University of Iowa) is Senior Lecturer in Critical Digital Media Practice at Lancaster University (UK). Gutsche studies cultural meanings of news, particularly related to issues of power and propaganda, digital innovation, and the role of myth and narrative in News storytelling. He is the author of several books, including Media Control: News as an Institution of Power and Social Control (Bloomsbury, 2017), Geographies of Journalism: The Imaginative Power of Place in Making Digital News (Routledge, forthcoming) and is editor of The Trump Presidency, Journalism, and Democracy (Routledge, 2018). His book, Trumpled: The Making of Trump and the Demonization of the Press (Bloomsbury) is due to publishers in 2018, as is Reinventing Journalism, Education, and Training: Addressing News as Power and Propaganda (Bloomsbury). Gutsche is Associate Editor of Journalism Practice.

    Related publications

    Gutsche, Jr., R. E. & Hess, K. (2019). Geographies of journalism: The imaginative power of place in making digital newsNew York & London: Routledge.

    Gutsche, Jr., R. E. (Ed.). (2018). The Trump presidency, journalism, and democracyNew York & Oxen, UK: Routledge.

    Gutsche, Jr., R. E. (2017). Media control: News as an institution of power and social controlNew York & London: Bloomsbury.

    Gutsche, Jr., R. E. (2015). Boosterism as banishment: Identifying the power function of local, business news and coverage of city spacesJournalism Studies, 16 (4),497-512.

    Gutsche, Jr., R. E. (2014). News place-making: Applying ‘mental mapping’ to explore the journalistic interpretive community. Visual Communication, 13 (4),487-510.

  • Stephen Quinn, September 2018

    Professor ved Høyskolen i Kristiania.

    Fellow ved Digital journalistikk, september 2018.


    Television news with only a smartphone and drone

    Television news is expensive to produce. News organisations are constantly looking for ways to reduce costs. Filming, editing and producing news with only mobile phones offers one way to cut costs. Using drones controlled by mobile phones are other ways to control costs, as well as producing powerful images. In the UK where the author is based it costs about GBP 1,000 an hour to hire a helicopter. A drone can take similar images for a fraction of the cost. This presentation to OsloMet will consider the evolution of television newsgathering using only a mobile phone in a selection of European and Nordic nations. This presentation is relevant for students because it will show how it is possible for one person to set up a business creating video with only a mobile device and make programs that can be sold to broadcasters. For teachers it is relevant because it shows new ways to teach using a mobile device, and also introduces new business models for journalism.


    Stephen Quinn runs MOJO Media Insights, a digital consulting business, based in Brighton in the United Kingdom. He teaches media professionals how to make broadcast-quality videos using only an iOS device, and shows media organisations how to make money from producing interactive books using iBooks Author. Dr Quinn was the digital development editor at the  South China Morning Post  from 2011 until 2013. At the Post  he helped re-launch the site that in November 2012 won the WAN/Ifra gold medal for best news website. He moved to the UK at the end of 2013. From 1996 to 2011 Professor Quinn, an Australian, was a journalism professor in Australia, the UAE, the US and China. Between 1975 and 1995 Dr Quinn was a journalist with Australian newspapers, the  Bangkok Post , the UK’s Press Association, BBC-TV, ITN,  The Guardian , and TVNZ. He has published 28 books, 17 as sole author, including four digital books using Apple’s iBooks Author. His most recent print book was  MOJO: The Mobile Journalism Handbook  (Focal: Boston) co-written with Dr Ivo Burum. The third volume of the Asia’s Media Innovators series, Crowdsourcing in Asian Journalism , appeared in 2013, and the third edition of  MOJO: Mobile Journalism in the Asian Region  was published in 2012. Since 2013 Dr Quinn has produced about 300 videos using only an iOS device and taught mobile journalism in 18 countries. Examples of his videos can be found at He writes a weekly wine column syndicated to a range of daily newspapers and magazines in the Asian region. His web site is

  • Rodrigo Zamith, May 2018

    Assisterende professor ved Institutt for journalistikk, Universitetet i Massachusetts Amherst.

    Fellow ved Digital journalistikk, mai 2018.


    Algorithms and Automation in Newswork: Toward a research agenda for understanding emerging actants

    Algorithms today influence, to some extent, nearly every aspect of journalism, from the initial stages of news production to the latter stages of news consumption. While many of those algorithms are designed to merely assist human labor—sometimes intentionally and other times because of technical limitations—a growing amount of newswork is becoming automated. For example, hundreds of thousands of news articles are already produced in an automated fashion each year and headlines are optimized through automated A/B testing. Scholars have taken note of these developments and a burgeoning literature is starting to emerge.

    This research presentation focuses on two simple questions: What don’t we know about automation in journalism? How can we study those blind spots? The objective is to begin to map out a broad research program that examines the proliferation of algorithmic actants, and in particular the ways in which automation is influencing not only the actors, audiences, and activities associated with journalism but the very products of journalism and the ways in which we study the field.

    The presentation highlights four general areas of inquiry. The first, theories and methods, focuses on scrutinizing the impact of automation on the key theories used within journalism studies and exploring how different methods may be utilized to further scholarly understanding of automation’s role in journalism. The second, networks and structures, focuses on how visible and transparent actors and actants are leading and intermediating automation within journalistic spaces and evaluating how systems may be changing through alterations to (and the displacement of) social arrangements, institutionalized structures, and (e)valuations of labor. The third, processes and practices, focuses on assessing how automation maps onto the dominant logics associated with journalism and how that, in turn, impacts core journalistic activities like storytelling and fact-checking. The fourth, outputs and products, focuses on examining the current and imagined limits to the yield of automation algorithms, including the types and formats of content that presently comprise most of that output and perceptions of the types and formats that cannot be automated. Implicit to these areas of inquiry are opportunities to compare developments across nations and journalistic cultures to assess how they may be emerging in different ways. In engaging with those areas, we as scholars afford ourselves opportunities to not only anticipate the future of journalism but help shape a nascent form of it.


    Rodrigo Zamith is an Assistant Professor in the Journalism Department at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. His research interests lie at the intersection of journalism and technology, with a focus on the reconfiguration of journalism in a changing media environment and the development of digital research methods for social scientists. Zamith's recent scholarship includes: “Quantified Audiences in News Production: A Synthesis and Research Agenda” ( Digital Journalism ), “A Computational Approach for Examining the Comparability of ‘Most-Viewed Lists’ on Online News Sites” ( Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly ), and “On Metrics-Driven Homepages: Assessing the relationship between popularity and prominence” ( Journalism Studies ). He is also a recent recipient of the Nafziger-White-Salwen Dissertation Award and runner-up for the Gene Burd Dissertation Award, and is an affiliate faculty member of the University of Massachusetts Amherst's Computational Social Science Institute. Zamith received his Ph.D. in Mass Communication from the University of Minnesota.