Norwegian version
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Public defence: Lynell Chvala

Lynell Chvala will defend her thesis: "Teachers’ pedagogical vision for 21st century English education - Expanding landscapes for English as a multilingua franca of global citizenship in Norwegian schools" for the degree of PhD in Educational Sciences for Teacher Education.

Trial Lecture

The trial lecture starts at 10.00.

Title: In many contemporary societies English as an additional language is used as an international language, and as part of a local vernacular. Do you think that English is a monolith with many guises, or do you think that it is a patchwork of loosely connected varieties? Discuss your views with reference to pedagogy and educational policy.

Public defence

The candidate will defend her thesis at 12.00.

Title of the thesis: "Teachers’ pedagogical vision for 21st century English education - Expanding landscapes for English as a multilingua franca of global citizenship in Norwegian schools".

The defence is also available via zoom

Join the webinar (

Passcode: 230922

Webinar ID: 624 5979 4581

Ordinary opponents

Leader of the public defence

Professor Hanne Skaaden, OsloMet – Oslo Metropolitan University


How to oppose ex auditorio

Please inform the leader of the defense if you wish to oppose ex auditorio during the break, before the second opponent begins. 

For questions regarding the trial lecture and public defense, contact the PhD administration at the faculty.

Publication of the approved PhD thesis 

Request a copy (PDF) of the PhD thesis by e-mail. Include the name of the PhD candidate.

  • Abstract

    This doctoral dissertation investigates teachers’ understanding of, and goals for, ELT in basic education in the Norwegian context.  This article-based dissertation consists of three articles and an extended abstract. The individual articles address teachers’ understanding of: 1) central curricular intentions (Chvala, 2018), 2) conceptions of English proficiency development, and 3) ideologies of English in society and in school (Chvala, 2020).

    The extended abstract synthesizes the findings of the articles to generate a theory of teacher understanding and to consider shifts since Eikrem’s (2009) research on teachers and 21st century Norwegian ELT. The work builds upon the Douglas Fir Group’s model for the teaching and learning of English in a globalized, technological and mobile multilingual world (Douglas Fir Group, 2016).

    Pedagogical discourse (Bernstein, 1972, 2000) is a central concept used to theoretically frame the notion of “pedagogical vision” and the interplay of macro-level ideologies, meso-level sociocultural institutions and communities and micro-level social activity represented in the Fir model. 

    The research takes a qualitative approach, primarily utilizing methods from Grounded Theory (Bryant & Charmaz, 2007). Data consists of in-depth, semi-structured teacher interviews collected across a variety of six lower secondary schools and twelve teachers in a large urban school district.

    Each teacher was interviewed three times, resulting in a total of 36 interviews at ca. 50 minutes per interview. Coding and analysis was systematic and moved the data from descriptive to conceptual categories and the relationships between them (Holton, 2007). This resulted in a holistic model presented in the extended abstract and garnered from the findings of the individual articles. 

    Findings suggest a centrality of knowing about English-speaking countries (primarily the United Kingdom and the United States) but suggest an expanding view to contexts other than these nations. Tensions exist in the role of the English language in school and contra its presence and use in Norwegian society and in a multilingual world.

    Findings suggest the need for a more comprehensive metalanguage that includes critical perspectives and can address the pervasive nature of English in Norwegian society and in developing adolescent learners’ identity as speakers of English.